H.M.S. Revenge (1892)

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H.M.S. Revenge (1892)
Pendant Number: P.55 (1914)
N.12 (Sep 1915)
N.84 (Apr, 1918)[1]
Builder: Palmer[2]
Ordered: Naval Defence Act of 1889[3]
Laid down: 12 Feb, 1891[4]
Launched: 3 Nov, 1892[5]
Commissioned: Mar, 1894[6]
Sold: 6 Nov, 1919[7]
Fate: Scrapped

H.M.S. Redoubtable, originally H.M.S. Revenge, was a pre-dreadnought of the Royal Sovereign class.

Contents

Service

Built by Palmers, Hebburn-on-Tyne at a cost of £954,825 and commissioned in 1894, she and her sisters were the most powerful warships in the world. She served in the Channel Squadron and the Mediterranean Fleet and served as the flagship during the blockade of the Cretan Republic in 1898. However, Revenge and her sisters were being rapidly superseded by new construction. In 1906 she was fitted out as a gunnery training ship and used in that capacity until 1911, when she was stricken and towed to the Motherbank awaiting sale.

With the outbreak of World War I and the rapid German advance to the Sea, the need for shore-bombardment vessels was realised. With her 13.5" guns - the largest available outside the Grand Fleet and the modern gunnery equipment fitted as a training ship, Revenge was the most suitable candidate for the rôle. She was the first vessel to be fitted with anti-torpedo bulges and she was also fitted with minesweeping gear designed by Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur K. Wilson.

She performed shore bombardment duties with her 13.5" guns until the stock of ammunition ran out. Her guns were then relined to accept other ammunition and redesignated 10"/40 Mark VIII. On 2 August, 1915 she was renamed H.M.S. Redoubtable so as to free her name for a new ship of the Revenge Class. With the massive influx of new purpose-built monitors which started coming into service in 1915, Redoubtable was surplus to requirements. After being renamed, she conducted long-range gunnery trials in the Thames Estuary before paying off at Portsmouth on 8 October, 1915.

From 1918 to February, 1919 she served as a tender to H.M.S. Victory. In late 1919 she was sold to Wards and broken up at Briton's Ferry.

Captains

Dates of appointment are provided when known.

Radio

As of 1901, she seems conspicuously absent in a list of peers who were fitted with, or slated to receive W/T sets.[20]

See Also

Footnotes

  1. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 29.
  2. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 29.
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 32.
  4. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 32.
  5. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 29.
  6. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. p. 32.
  7. Dittmar; Colledge. British Warships 1914–1919. p. 29.
  8. Curzon-Howe Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/18. p. 66.
  9. "Naval & Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Saturday, 7 November, 1896. Issue 35042, col C, p. 12.
  10. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
  11. Briggs Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. p. 654.
  12. Fisher Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/18. p. 547.
  13. Bradford Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/20. p. 676.
  14. "Naval & Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 16 May, 1904. Issue 37395, col A, p. 7.
  15. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Thursday, 24 August, 1905. Issue 37794, col A, p. 9.
  16. "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Wednesday, 25 July, 1906. Issue 38081, col D, p. 12.
  17. Bernard Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. p. 15.
  18. The Navy List (December, 1914). p. 377.
  19. Molteno Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. p. 260.
  20. Annual Report of the Torpedo School, 1901. pp. 111-112.

Bibliography


Royal Sovereign Class Pre-dreadnought
  Empress of India Hood Ramillies Repulse  
  Resolution Royal Oak Royal Sovereign Revenge  
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