Montague Edward Browning
Early Life & Career
He was lent to the Inflexible as Gunnery Officer for the annual manœuvres on 18 July, 1889. In an accident on 15 August on board Inflexible he lost his left hand. He was surveyed and found unfit on 7 November. It was recommended that he not be re-surveyed for two months or more. On 20 November it was decided that he be kept on the books of Excellent until he recovered. Surveyed on 21 January, 1890, he was report fit, "having been fitted with an efficient mechanical substitute for the hand."
Browning then hoisted his flag in the Hibernia as Rear-Admiral in the Third Battle Squadron of the Grand Fleet. On 27 July, 1915 he was appointed to the command of the Third Cruiser Squadron, with his flag in the Antrim, which with the Third Battle Squadron had been stationed at Rosyth since the war began. In April, 1916 both squadrons were detached from the Grand Fleet and moved to the Swin (Thames estuary), then returned north after the battle of Jutland. In the King's Birthday Honours of 3 June, 1916, he was appointed an Additional Member of the Third Class, or Companion, in the Military Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (C.B.).
In August, 1916 Browning was appointed Commander-in-Chief on the North America and West Indies Station with the acting rank of Vice-Admiral, and he assumed command with his flag in the Leviathan on 13 September. In that capacity he represented his country in discussions with the United States naval authorities on joint action in the conduct of the war at sea. He was confirmed in the rank of Vice-Admiral on 26 April, 1917. On the occasion of the King's birthday he was appointed an Ordinary Member of the Second Class, or Knight Commander, in the Military Division of the Order of the Bath (K.C.B.) on 4 June.
After the armistice of November, 1918 he was appointed president of the allied naval armistice commission, and paid visits in the Hercules to the German naval ports to see that the settled terms were duly carried out. The economist J. M. Keynes alleged that Browning had "no idea in his head but the extirpation and further humiliation of a despised and defeated enemy." Browning joined the Board of Admiralty as Second Sea Lord in March, 1919 and was promoted to the rank of Admiral on 1 November. He became Commander-in-Chief for three years in September, 1920.
Browning was appointed an Ordinary Member of the First Class, or Knight Grand Cross, in the Military Division of the Order of the Bath (G.C.B.) on the occasion of the King's birthday on 3 June, 1924. He was appointed First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp in May, 1925 and placed on the Retired List on 4 October, 1926. He returned to court duty in March, 1929 as Rear-Admiral of the United Kingdom, became Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom in February, 1939, and finally retired in June, 1945.
- ↑ The London Gazette: no. 25485. p. 3002. 30 June, 1885.
- ↑ The London Gazette: no. 26809. p. 4. 1 January, 1897.
- ↑ The London Gazette: no. 27393. p. 3. 3 January, 1902.
- ↑ Browning Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 124.
- ↑ Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY WARSHIPS.
- ↑ The London Gazette: no. 28534. p. 7010. 26 September, 1911.
- ↑ Fear God and Dread Nought. p. 439.
- ↑ Supplement to the Monthly Navy List (November, 1915) p. 6.
- ↑ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29608. p. 5553. 2 June, 1916.
- ↑ Supplement to the Monthly Navy List (September, 1917). p. 7.
- ↑ The London Gazette: no. 30037. p. 3955. 27 April, 1917.
- ↑ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30111. p. 5454. 4 June, 1917.
- ↑ Keynes. Two Memoirs. p. 13
- ↑ The London Gazette: no. 31632. p. 13545. 7 November, 1919.
- ↑ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32941. p. 4408. 3 June, 1924.
- ↑ The London Gazette: no. 33209. p. 6440. 8 October, 1926.
- "Admiral Sir Montague Browning" (Obituaries). The Times. Thursday, 6 November, 1947. Issue 50911, col E, p. 7.
- Baddeley, V. W. (1959). Dictionary of National Biography: 1941-1950 Supplement. London: Oxford University Press.
- Papers in the possession of the Imperial War Museum.
- The National Archives. ADM 196/87.
- The National Archives. ADM 196/42.
- The National Archives. ADM 196/20.