U.S.S. Constellation (1854)

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U.S.S. Constellation (1854)
Hull Number: IX-20
Builder: Norfolk Navy Yard[1]
Laid down: 1853[2]
Launched: 26 August, 1854[3]
Commissioned: 28 July, 1855[4]
Decommissioned: 4 February, 1955
Stricken: 15 August, 1955[5]
Preserved: 7 August, 1955
Fate: Museum at Baltimore, Maryland
U.S.S. Constellation is a sailing sloop-of-war completed for the U.S. Navy in 1855.

Construction

Constellation was notionally a repair of the famous Constellation of 1798, one of the original six frigates built for the United States Navy.[6] This caused some confusion after she became a museum ship, and for some time she was erroneously presented to the public as the original Constellation.[7]

Service

From 1865 through 1933, Constellation served variously as both a training ship and a receiving ship at Norfolk Navy Yard, Annapolis, and Newport.[8]

Renamed Old Constellation on 1 December, 1917 to clear her name for a new Lexington Class battlecruiser, but after those ships fell victim to the Washington Treaty she regained her old name on 24 July, 1925.[9]

Captains

Dates of appointment are provided when known.

Armament

[26]

1876

  • one 100-pounder muzzle-loading rifle
  • one 11-inch smoothbore
  • eight 9-inch smoothbores

1880

  • ten 9-inch smoothbores
  • two 20-pounder muzzle-loading rifles

1888

  • ten 8-inch smoothbores
  • two 20-pounder muzzle-loading rifles

1891

  • ten 8-inch smoothbores
  • one 60-pounder breech-loading rifle
  • one 20-pounder breech-loading rifle

1900

  • six 6-pounders

1916

  • two 6-pounders

See Also

Footnotes

  1. Bauer and Roberts. Register of Ships. p. 23.
  2. Bauer and Roberts. Register of Ships. p. 23.
  3. Bauer and Roberts. Register of Ships. p. 23.
  4. Bauer and Roberts. Register of Ships. p. 23.
  5. Bauer and Roberts. Register of Ships. p. 23.
  6. Bauer and Roberts. Register of Ships. p. 23.
  7. Wegner, Ratliff, and Lynaugh. "Fouled Anchors".
  8. Silverstone. The New Navy. p. 3.
  9. Silverstone. The New Navy. p. 3.
  10. Register of Officers, 1882. p. 10.
  11. Register of Officers, 1887. p. 8.
  12. Register of Officers, 1889. p. 8.
  13. Register of Officers, 1889. pp. 8, 10.
  14. Register of Officers, 1890. p. 10.
  15. Register of Officers, 1896. p. 8.
  16. List and Station, July 1898. p. 6.
  17. List and Station, July 1899. pp. 5, 7.
  18. List and Station, July 1899. p. 7.
  19. Register of Officers, 1903. p. 8.
  20. Register of Officers, 1904. p. 8.
  21. Register of Officers, 1907. p. 12.
  22. Register of Officers, 1908. p. 12.
  23. Register of Officers, 1909. p. 12.
  24. Register of Officers, 1910. p. 14.
  25. Register of Officers, 1912. p. 16.
  26. Bauer and Roberts. Register of Ships. p. 23.

Bibliography

  • Bauer, K. Jack and Roberts, Stephen S. (1991). Register of Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1775-1990: Major Combatants. New York: Greenwood Press.
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (2006). The U.S. Navy Warship Series: Civil War Navies, 1855-1883. New York: Routledge.
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (2006). The U.S. Navy Warship Series: The New Navy 1883-1922. New York: Routledge.
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (2008). The U.S. Navy Warship Series: The Navy of World War II, 1922-1947. New York: Routledge.
  • Wegner, Dana M., Ratliff, Colan, and Lynaugh, Kevin (September 1991). "Fouled Anchors: The Constellation Question Answered". Bethesda, MD: David Taylor Research Center.


Sailing Sloop-of-war U.S.S. Constellation