James Andrew Fergusson

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Admiral Sir James A. Fergusson, 1930.
Photograph: © National Portrait Gallery, London.

Admiral SIR James Andrew Fergusson, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., Royal Navy (16 April, 1871 – 13 April, 1942) was an officer of the Royal Navy.


Life & Career

On 21 July, 1892 he was confirmed in the rank of Sub-Lieutenant, dated 14 February, 1891.[1] On the same day, he was appointed in command of the first-class torpedo boat T.B. 67 for manoeuvres.[2]

He was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 30 June, 1893.[3]

Fergusson was specially promoted to the rank of Commander on 21 October, 1900, for services in South Africa.[4]


Fergusson was promoted to the rank of Captain on 31 December, 1905.[5]

Great War

He was appointed in command of the dreadnought Thunderer on 14 August, 1915,[6] and directed her operation as part of the Second Battle Squadron at the Battle of Jutland.[7] His report on the battle appears in the Official Despatches.

Fergusson was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 27 April, 1917.[8]

He was appointed an Additional Member of the Third Class, or Companion, in the Military Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 1 January, 1918.[9]


Fergusson was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral on 6 April, 1922, vice Pakenham.[10]

He was promoted to the rank of Admiral on 25 October, 1926, vice Tothill.[11] He was placed on the Retired List at his own request on 11 June, 1928.[12]


  1. The London Gazette: no. 26310. p. 4249. 26 July, 1892.
  2. "The Naval Manœuvres". The Times. Saturday, 16 July, 1892. Issue 33692, col A, p. 17.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 26422. p. 3981. 14 July, 1893.
  4. The London Gazette: no. 27244. p. 6779. 6 November, 1900.
  5. The London Gazette: no. 27870. p. 25. 2 January, 1906.
  6. Fergusson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 199.
  7. Battle of Jutland Official Despatches. p. 43.
  8. The London Gazette: no. 30042. p. 4095. 1 May, 1917.
  9. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30451. p. 79. 1 January, 1918.
  10. The London Gazette: no. 32672. p. 3030. 14 April, 1922.
  11. The London Gazette: no. 33221. p. 7406. 16 November, 1926.
  12. The London Gazette: no. 33394. p. 4107. 15 June, 1928.


  • "Admiral Sir James Fergusson" (Obituaries). The Times. Thursday, 16 April, 1942. Issue 49211, col E, p. 7.

Service Records

See Also

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
New Commission
Captain of
H.M.S. Benbow

1914 – 1915
Succeeded by
Henry W. Parker

Preceded by
Cecil F. Lambert
Rear-Admiral Commanding,
Second Light Cruiser Squadron

1918 – 1919
Succeeded by
Arthur A. M. Duff

Preceded by
New Command
Rear-Admiral Commanding,
Devonport Reserve

Succeeded by
Maurice Woollcombe

Preceded by
Sir Sydney R. Fremantle
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff
Succeeded by
Sir Osmond de B. Brock

Preceded by
Sir Alexander L. Duff
Assistant Chief of Naval Staff
1919 – 1920
Succeeded by
Sir A. Ernle M. Chatfield

Preceded by
Sir Walter H. Cowan
Vice-Admiral Commanding,
First Light Cruiser Squadron

1920 – 1922
Succeeded by
The Hon. Sir Hubert G. Brand

Preceded by
Sir Michael Culme-Seymour, Bart.
Commander-in-Chief on the North America and West Indies Station
1924 – 1926
Succeeded by
Sir Walter H. Cowan, Bart.

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