Difference between revisions of "Spencer Allen Hickley"

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'''Spencer Allen Hickley''' ( – ) was an officer of the [[Royal Navy]] during the [[First World War]].
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{{CaptRN}} '''Spencer Allen Hickley''', Royal Navy (2 September, 1870 – 27 September, 1914) was an officer of the [[Royal Navy]] with a curious talent for getting in trouble with the Admiralty who died shortly after the start of the First World War.
  
 
==Life & Career==
 
==Life & Career==
On 11 July, 1893, Hickley was loaned to {{UK-1TB34|f=t}} as {{LieutRN}} & Commander, for manoeuvres<ref>"The Naval Manœuvres"''The Times''.  Monday, 10 July, 1893.  Issue '''33999''', col D, p. 10.</ref>
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Hickley was the son of Rear Admiral [[Henry Dennis Hickley|Henry D. Hickley]].<ref>Hickley Service Record{{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>
  
Hickley was promoted to the rank of {{CaptRN}} on 1 January, 1907.
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He entered the Royal Navy on 15 July, 1883, joining the training ship [[H.M.S. Britannia (Training Ship)|''Britannia'']] as {{NavCadRN}}. He passed out in July, 1885, with 11 months' time and was rated {{MidRN}} without examination in August.
  
In November 1908, he relieved [[Stuart St. John Farquhar]] in command of the {{UK-Doris|f=t}}.{{MackieRNW}}
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Having taken five firsts in his examinations for the rank of Lieutenant Hickley was promoted on 2 September, 1890, his twentieth birthday, the earliest possible date.<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>
  
In April 1911, he assumed command of the {{UK-Encounter|f=t}}.{{MackieRNW}}
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On 11 July, 1893, Hickley was loaned to {{UK-1TB34|f=t}} as {{LaCRN}}, for manoeuvres.<ref>"The Naval Manœuvres".  ''The Times''.  Monday, 10 July, 1893.  Issue '''33999''', col D, p. 10.</ref>
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Hickley was promoted to the rank of {{CommRN}} on 31 December, 1901.<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>
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On 11 December, 1902, he married Winifred Delia Edwards at St. James's Church, Paddington.<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>
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Hickley was appointed in command of the {{UK-Pathfinder|f=t}} on 2 May, 1905.<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>
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Hickley was promoted to the rank of {{CaptRN}} on 1 January, 1907.  That same month he was scolded for cancelling an exercise in which T.B.Ds. would attack Scouts on account of weather.  He failed to inform the destroyers that the exercise was called off and they wasted the night searching for their prey.  He was superseded in {{UK-Pathfinder}} on 26 January. On 12 February he was appointed to a course at the [[Royal Naval War College]]. On 5 April he was appointed to the {{UK-Illustrious|f=t}} as Flag Captain to Rear-Admiral [[Robert Swinburne Lowry|Robert S. Lowry]], the new Rear-Admiral in the [[Channel Fleet (Royal Navy)|Channel Fleet]]. Lowry struck his flag after an abnormally short period of time, on 1 October, and Hickley gave up command at the same time.<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>
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On 27 November 1908, he was appointed to succeed [[Stuart St. John Farquhar]] in command of the {{UK-Doris|f=t}}.  In May, 1910 he was reprimanded for failing, as prosecutor in a Court Martial, to cross-examine a witness.  Worse, he soon incurred Their Lordships' "severe displeasure for entire lack of judgment and for the inefficient pilotage of the ship" in grounding her on 10 June, 1910 in Gibraltar Harbour.  The Board concurred and acted to have him superseded in July, 1910.<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>
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In April 1911, he assumed command of the {{UK-1Encounter|f=t}}.
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On 22 August, 1912, he arrived home in England and wrote an intemperate letter when an allowance for his baggage was not provided him.  He was cautioned as to his conduct in such cases in future.<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>
  
 
Hickley was appointed in command of the {{UK-Argonaut|f=t}} and for a group of ships of the Third Fleet on 6 December, 1913.{{NLApr14|p. 280}}
 
Hickley was appointed in command of the {{UK-Argonaut|f=t}} and for a group of ships of the Third Fleet on 6 December, 1913.{{NLApr14|p. 280}}
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In April and May of 1914, he was appointed in command of the {{UK-Talbot|f=t}}.
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He died on 27 September, 1914 in England.  Although his death was reported in ''The Times'',{{ToL|Deaths|Tuesday, September 29, 1914, Issue 40650, p.1}} no real detail has been found on his demise.<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43/108.}}</ref>{{KindellROH2|p. 21}}
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==See Also==
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{{refbegin}}
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{{refend}}
  
 
<div name=fredbot:appts>{{TabApptsBegin}}
 
<div name=fredbot:appts>{{TabApptsBegin}}
 
{{TabNaval}}
 
{{TabNaval}}
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[William Edward Pauley|William E. Pauley]]'''|'''[[H.M. T.B. 34 (1885)|Captain of H.M. T.B. 34]]'''<br>11 Jul, 1893<ref>"The Naval Manœuvres".  ''The Times''.  Monday, 10 July, 1893.  Issue '''33999''', col D, p. 10.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Robert Harman Llewelyn|Robert H. Llewelyn]]'''}}
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[William Edward Pauley|William E. Pauley]]'''|'''[[H.M. T.B. 34 (1885)|Captain of H.M. T.B. 34]]'''<br>11 Jul, 1893<ref>"The Naval Manœuvres".  ''The Times''.  Monday, 10 July, 1893.  Issue '''33999''', col D, p. 10.</ref><ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref> &ndash; 17 Aug, 1893<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Colin Stuart Inglis|Colin S. Inglis]]'''}}
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Stuart St. John Farquhar|Stuart St. J. Farquhar]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Doris (1896)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Doris'']]'''<br>Nov, 1908{{MackieRNW}}|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Michael Henry Hodges|Michael H. Hodges]]'''}}
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''New Command'''|'''[[H.M.S. Pathfinder (1904)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Pathfinder'']]'''<br>2 May, 1905<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref> &ndash; 26 Jan, 1907<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Wilmot Stuart Nicholson|Wilmot S. Nicholson]]'''}}
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Philip Howard Colomb|Philip H. Colomb]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Encounter (1902)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Encounter'']]'''<br>Apr, 1911{{MackieRNW}}|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Bertram Mordaunt Chambers|Bertram M. Chambers]]'''}}
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[William Osbert Boothby|William O. Boothby]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Illustrious (1896)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Illustrious'']]'''<br>5 Apr, 1907<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref> &ndash; 1 Oct, 1907<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Hugh Henry Darby Tothill|Hugh H. D. Tothill]]'''}}
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[John Nicholas|John Nicholas]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Terrible (1895)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Terrible'']]'''<br>10 Jun, 1913{{NLJul13|p. 384}}|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Thomas Francis Tregoye Michell|Thomas F. T. Michell]]'''}}
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Stuart St. John Farquhar|Stuart St. J. Farquhar]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Doris (1896)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Doris'']]'''<br>27 Nov, 1908{{NLJan10|p. 302}}<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref> &ndash; Jul, 1910<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Michael Henry Hodges|Michael H. Hodges]]'''}}
{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Charles Tibbits|Charles Tibbits]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Argonaut (1898)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Argonaut'']]'''<br>6 Dec, 1913{{NLApr14|p. 280}}|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Raymond Andrew Nugent|Raymond A. Nugent]]'''}}
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Philip Howard Colomb|Philip H. Colomb]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Encounter (1902)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Encounter'']]'''<br>4 Apr, 1911<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>{{NLApr11|p. 308}} &ndash; 30 Jun, 1912<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Bertram Mordaunt Chambers|Bertram M. Chambers]]'''}}
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[John Nicholas|John Nicholas]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Terrible (1895)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Terrible'']]'''<br>10 Jun, 1913{{NLJul13|p. 384}}<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref> &ndash; 6 Dec, 1913<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Thomas Francis Tregoye Michell|Thomas F. T. Michell]]'''}}
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[William Drummond Church|William D. Church]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Argonaut (1898)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Argonaut'']]'''<br>6 Dec, 1913{{NLApr14|p. 280}}<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref> &ndash; 27 Apr, 1914<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Raymond Andrew Nugent|Raymond A. Nugent]]'''}}
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Francis Gerald St. John|Francis G. St. John]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Talbot (1895)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Talbot'']]'''<br>27 Apr, 1914<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref> &ndash; May, 1914<ref>Hickley Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|D7602446}} f. 108.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Lockhart Leith|Lockhart Leith]]'''}}
 
{{TabEnd}}
 
{{TabEnd}}
 
</div name=fredbot:appts>
 
</div name=fredbot:appts>
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Hickley, Spencer}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Hickley, Spencer}}
  
{{CatPerson|UK||}}
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{{CatPerson|UK|1870|1914}}
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{{CatCapt|UK}}
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{{CatBritannia|July, 1883}}
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{{CatGunneryOfficer|UK}}

Latest revision as of 21:20, 30 November 2019

Captain Spencer Allen Hickley, Royal Navy (2 September, 1870 – 27 September, 1914) was an officer of the Royal Navy with a curious talent for getting in trouble with the Admiralty who died shortly after the start of the First World War.

Life & Career

Hickley was the son of Rear Admiral Henry D. Hickley.[1]

He entered the Royal Navy on 15 July, 1883, joining the training ship Britannia as Naval Cadet. He passed out in July, 1885, with 11 months' time and was rated Midshipman without examination in August.

Having taken five firsts in his examinations for the rank of Lieutenant Hickley was promoted on 2 September, 1890, his twentieth birthday, the earliest possible date.[2]

On 11 July, 1893, Hickley was loaned to first-class torpedo boat T.B. 34 as Lieutenant & Commander, for manoeuvres.[3]

Hickley was promoted to the rank of Commander on 31 December, 1901.[4]

On 11 December, 1902, he married Winifred Delia Edwards at St. James's Church, Paddington.[5]

Hickley was appointed in command of the scout cruiser Pathfinder on 2 May, 1905.[6]

Hickley was promoted to the rank of Captain on 1 January, 1907. That same month he was scolded for cancelling an exercise in which T.B.Ds. would attack Scouts on account of weather. He failed to inform the destroyers that the exercise was called off and they wasted the night searching for their prey. He was superseded in Pathfinder on 26 January. On 12 February he was appointed to a course at the Royal Naval War College. On 5 April he was appointed to the battleship Illustrious as Flag Captain to Rear-Admiral Robert S. Lowry, the new Rear-Admiral in the Channel Fleet. Lowry struck his flag after an abnormally short period of time, on 1 October, and Hickley gave up command at the same time.[7]

On 27 November 1908, he was appointed to succeed Stuart St. John Farquhar in command of the second class protected cruiser Doris. In May, 1910 he was reprimanded for failing, as prosecutor in a Court Martial, to cross-examine a witness. Worse, he soon incurred Their Lordships' "severe displeasure for entire lack of judgment and for the inefficient pilotage of the ship" in grounding her on 10 June, 1910 in Gibraltar Harbour. The Board concurred and acted to have him superseded in July, 1910.[8]

In April 1911, he assumed command of the corvette Encounter.

On 22 August, 1912, he arrived home in England and wrote an intemperate letter when an allowance for his baggage was not provided him. He was cautioned as to his conduct in such cases in future.[9]

Hickley was appointed in command of the first class protected cruiser Argonaut and for a group of ships of the Third Fleet on 6 December, 1913.[10]

In April and May of 1914, he was appointed in command of the second class protected cruiser Talbot.

He died on 27 September, 1914 in England. Although his death was reported in The Times,[11] no real detail has been found on his demise.[12][13]

See Also

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
William E. Pauley
Captain of H.M. T.B. 34
11 Jul, 1893[14][15] – 17 Aug, 1893[16]
Succeeded by
Colin S. Inglis
Preceded by
New Command
Captain of H.M.S. Pathfinder
2 May, 1905[17] – 26 Jan, 1907[18]
Succeeded by
Wilmot S. Nicholson
Preceded by
William O. Boothby
Captain of H.M.S. Illustrious
5 Apr, 1907[19] – 1 Oct, 1907[20]
Succeeded by
Hugh H. D. Tothill
Preceded by
Stuart St. J. Farquhar
Captain of H.M.S. Doris
27 Nov, 1908[21][22] – Jul, 1910[23]
Succeeded by
Michael H. Hodges
Preceded by
Philip H. Colomb
Captain of H.M.S. Encounter
4 Apr, 1911[24][25] – 30 Jun, 1912[26]
Succeeded by
Bertram M. Chambers
Preceded by
John Nicholas
Captain of H.M.S. Terrible
10 Jun, 1913[27][28] – 6 Dec, 1913[29]
Succeeded by
Thomas F. T. Michell
Preceded by
William D. Church
Captain of H.M.S. Argonaut
6 Dec, 1913[30][31] – 27 Apr, 1914[32]
Succeeded by
Raymond A. Nugent
Preceded by
Francis G. St. John
Captain of H.M.S. Talbot
27 Apr, 1914[33] – May, 1914[34]
Succeeded by
Lockhart Leith

Footnotes

  1. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  2. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  3. "The Naval Manœuvres". The Times. Monday, 10 July, 1893. Issue 33999, col D, p. 10.
  4. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  5. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  6. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  7. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  8. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  9. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  10. The Navy List. (April, 1914). p. 280.
  11. "Deaths." The Times (London, England), Tuesday, September 29, 1914, Issue 40650, p.1.
  12. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43/108.
  13. Kindell. Royal Navy Roll of Honour Part 2. p. 21.
  14. "The Naval Manœuvres". The Times. Monday, 10 July, 1893. Issue 33999, col D, p. 10.
  15. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  16. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  17. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  18. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  19. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  20. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  21. The Navy List. (January, 1910). p. 302.
  22. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  23. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  24. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  25. The Navy List. (April, 1911). p. 308.
  26. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  27. The Navy List. (July, 1913). p. 384.
  28. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  29. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  30. The Navy List. (April, 1914). p. 280.
  31. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  32. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  33. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.
  34. Hickley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 108.