Difference between revisions of "Royal Naval College, Dartmouth"

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The '''Royal Naval Naval College, Dartmouth''', or '''Britannia Royal Naval College''', was opened in 1905 as the senior training establishment for naval cadets of the [[Military Branch (Royal Navy)|Military Branch]] of the [[Royal Navy]].  Cadets were educated there for two years after two years at the junior training establishment, [[Royal Naval College, Osborne]].  After Osborne's closure in 1921 all early entry naval cadets were trained at Dartmouth.  Officers continue to be trained there today in its guise as Britannia Royal Naval College.
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==History==
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When the college opened in September, 1905, a term of 40 cadets was entered under the old scheme, and a final one of 30 in January, 1906.<ref>''Report of the Director of Naval Education, for the Year 1905''.  f. 6.  In {{TNA|ADM 7/936.}}</ref>
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==Staff==
 
==Staff==
 
[[File:Stanley and Britannia Staff 1912.jpg|thumb|right|300px|Captain [[Victor Albert Stanley|Stanley]] and the Staff and Masters of the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth at Christmas, 1912.]]
 
[[File:Stanley and Britannia Staff 1912.jpg|thumb|right|300px|Captain [[Victor Albert Stanley|Stanley]] and the Staff and Masters of the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth at Christmas, 1912.]]
 
The College was commanded by a Royal Navy {{CaptRN}} on the Active List.  He had command of the ship ''Pomone'', upon whose books all the College's naval staff were borne.  An Engineer Captain had charge of the extensive College workshops.  There were on average thirty officers and warrant officers on the naval staff, with another six in charge of the College's tenders.
 
The College was commanded by a Royal Navy {{CaptRN}} on the Active List.  He had command of the ship ''Pomone'', upon whose books all the College's naval staff were borne.  An Engineer Captain had charge of the extensive College workshops.  There were on average thirty officers and warrant officers on the naval staff, with another six in charge of the College's tenders.
  
The professorial staff was headed by a Headmaster.  There were five departments; Modern Languages, History & English, Science, Navigation and Mathematics, each with a Head of Department.  The remaining staff consisted of Senior Masters, Masters and Naval Instructors.
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The professorial staff was headed by a Headmaster.  There were five departments; Modern Languages, History and English, Science, Navigation and Mathematics, each with a Head of Department.  The remaining staff consisted of Senior Masters, Masters and Naval Instructors.
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In the Navy Estimates for 1914-1915, the number of staff budgeted for was 373.<ref>''Navy Estimates for the Year 1914&ndash;1915''.  p. 69.</ref>
  
 
==Term Organisation==
 
==Term Organisation==
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One Dartmouth cadet described his going away to war:
 
One Dartmouth cadet described his going away to war:
  
:I was 5th term, Greynvile, in July 1914 when we hurried away.  Actually, another chap in my term and I were playing cricket for an "A" team at Kingswear on Saturday afternoon when one K. G. Reid, a master, head of Science and later a Lieut. R.N.V.R. in the old [[H.M.S. Tiger (1913)|''Tiger'']], advanced across the ground shouting "Mobilise!"  Very shortly afterwards we went to sea and guarded the flank of troopships carrying the British Expeditionary Force to France.  We in the [[H.M.S. Vengeance (1899)|''Vengeance'']] on the Western Patrol used to stop at sea and take our mail from a destroyer.  Why we were never torpedoed I can't think!  Eventually, about March 1915, the old [[H.M.S. Prince George (1895)|''Prince George'']] took us to the Dardanelles.<ref>Quoted in Pack.  ''Britannia at Dartmouth''.  p. 193.</ref>
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<blockquote>I was 5th term, Greynvile, in July 1914 when we hurried away.  Actually, another chap in my term and I were playing cricket for an "A" team at Kingswear on Saturday afternoon when one K. G. Reid, a master, head of Science and later a Lieut. R.N.V.R. in the old [[H.M.S. Tiger (1913)|''Tiger'']], advanced across the ground shouting "Mobilise!"  Very shortly afterwards we went to sea and guarded the flank of troopships carrying the British Expeditionary Force to France.  We in the [[H.M.S. Vengeance (1899)|''Vengeance'']] on the Western Patrol used to stop at sea and take our mail from a destroyer.  Why we were never torpedoed I can't think!  Eventually, about March 1915, the old [[H.M.S. Prince George (1895)|''Prince George'']] took us to the Dardanelles.<ref>Quoted in Pack.  p. 193.</ref></blockquote>
  
==Commanding Officers==
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==Captains==
*{{CaptRN}} [[William Edmund Goodenough|William E. Goodenough]], 1905&ndash;1907.
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Dates of appointment given:
*Captain [[Trevylyan Dacres Willes Napier|Trevylyan D. W. Napier]], 1907&ndash;1910.
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*Captain [[Hugh Evan-Thomas]], 1910&ndash;1912.
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<div name=fredbot:office0 otitle="Captain of Royal Naval College, Dartmouth" nat="UK">
*Captain [[Victor Albert Stanley|The Honourable Victor A. Stanley]], M.V.O., 1912&ndash;1914.
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{{Tenure|rank={{CaptRN}}|name=William Edmund Goodenough|nick=William E. Goodenough|appt=1 May, 1905<ref>Goodenough Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 433.</ref>|precBy=New Command|end=20 August, 1907<ref>Goodenough Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 433.</ref>}}
*Captain Trevylyan D. W. Napier, M.V.O., 1914.
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{{Tenure|rank=Captain|name=Trevylyan Dacres Willes Napier|nick=Trevylyan D. W. Napier|appt=20 August, 1907<ref>Napier Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 440.</ref>|end=16 August, 1910<ref>Napier Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 440.</ref>}}
*Captain [[Edmond Hyde Parker]], 1914&ndash;1915.
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{{Tenure|rank=Captain|name=Hugh Evan-Thomas|nick=Hugh Evan-Thomas|appt=16 August, 1910<ref>Evan-Thomas Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 105.</ref>|end=14 August, 1912<ref>Evan-Thomas Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 105.</ref>}}
*Captain [[Norman Craig Palmer|Norman C. Palmer]], C.V.O., 1915&ndash;1916.
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{{Tenure|rank=Captain|name=Victor Albert Stanley|nick=The Hon. Victor A. Stanley|appt=14 August, 1912<ref>Stanley Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 432.</ref>|end=August, 1914<ref>Stanley Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 432.</ref>}}
*{{RearRN}} [[William George Elmhirst Ruck Keene|William G. E. Ruck Keene]], M.V.O., 1916&ndash;1919.
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{{Tenure|rank=Captain|name=Trevylyan Dacres Willes Napier|nick=Trevylyan D. W. Napier|appt=3 September, 1914<ref>Napier Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 440.</ref>|end=28 December, 1914<ref>Napier Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 440.</ref>}}
*Rear-Admiral [[Eustace La Trobe Leatham|Eustace La T. Leatham]], C.B., 1919&ndash;1921.
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{{Tenure|rank=Captain|name=Edmond Hyde Parker|nick=E. Hyde Parker|appt=28 December, 1914<ref>Parker Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.}}  f. 2.</ref>|end=20 February, 1915<ref>Parker Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/43.}}  f. 2.</ref|note=temporary}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Captain|name=Norman Craig Palmer|nick=Norman C. Palmer|appt=27 February, 1915<ref>Palmer Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 416.</ref>|end=May, 1916<ref>Palmer Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 416.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank={{RearRN}}|name=William George Elmhirst Ruck-Keene|nick=William G. E. Ruck-Keene|appt=31 May, 1916<ref>Ruck-Keene Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 451.</ref>|end=21 January, 1919<ref>Ruck-Keene Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 451.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Rear-Admiral|name=Eustace La Trobe Leatham|nick=Eustace La T. Leatham|appt=2 February, 1919{{NLDec20|p. 1865''c''}}}}
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{{Tenure|rank={{CaptRN}}|name=Francis Arthur Marten|nick=Francis A. Marten|appt=2 February, 1921<ref>Marten Service Record. {{TNA|ADM 196/90/85.|D8115813}} f. 85.</ref>|end=2 January, 1923<ref>Marten Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/90/85.|D8115813}} f. 85.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank={{RearRN}}|name=Herbert Meade|nick=The Hon. Herbert Meade|appt=2 January, 1923<ref>Meade Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44.|}} f. 177.</ref>|end=2 January, 1926<ref>Meade Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44.|}} f. 177.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Rear-Admiral|name=Martin Eric Dunbar-Nasmith|nick=Martin E. Dunbar-Nasmith|appt=2 January, 1926<ref>Dunbar-Nasmith Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/48/178.|D7604082}} f. 583.</ref>|end=2 January, 1929<ref>Dunbar-Nasmith Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/48/178.|D7604082}} f. 583.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Rear-Admiral|name=Sidney Julius Meyrick|nick=Sidney J. Meyrick|appt=2 January, 1929{{NLJul31|p. 219}}|end=28 December, 1931}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Rear-Admiral|name=Norman Atherton Wodehouse|nick=Norman A. Wodehouse|appt=December, 1931{{MackieRNSA}}|end=28 December, 1934<ref>Holt Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/49/179.|D7576665}} f. 240.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Rear-Admiral|name=Reginald Vesey Holt|nick=Reginald V. Holt|appt=28 December, 1934<ref>Holt Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/49/179.|D7576665}} f. 240.</ref>|end=29 December, 1936<ref>Holt Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/49/179.|D7576665}} f. 240.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Rear-Admiral|name=Frederick Hew George Dalrymple-Hamilton|nick=Frederick H. G. Dalrymple-Hamilton|appt=29 December, 1936<ref>Holt Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/49/179.|D7576665}} f. 240.</ref>|end=November, 1939{{MackieRNSA}}}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Rear-Admiral|name=Robert Lionel Brooke Cunliffe|nick=Robert L. B. Cunliffe|appt=19 December, 1939|end=11 April, 1942}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Rear-Admiral|name=Edward Arthur Aylmer|nick=Edward A. Aylmer|appt=15 April, 1942|end=7 December, 1943}}
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</div name=fredbot:office0>
  
 
==Footnotes==
 
==Footnotes==
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{{refend}}
 
{{refend}}
  
[[Category:Royal Naval Colleges|Dartmouth]]
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==See Also==
[[Category:Royal Navy Education|Dartmouth]]
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{{refbegin}}
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{{WP|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Britannia_Royal_Naval_College}}
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{{refend}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Dartmouth}}
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[[Category:Royal Naval Colleges]]
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[[Category:Royal Navy Education]]
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[[Category:Pages with Offices]]

Latest revision as of 15:06, 4 October 2017

The Royal Naval Naval College, Dartmouth, or Britannia Royal Naval College, was opened in 1905 as the senior training establishment for naval cadets of the Military Branch of the Royal Navy. Cadets were educated there for two years after two years at the junior training establishment, Royal Naval College, Osborne. After Osborne's closure in 1921 all early entry naval cadets were trained at Dartmouth. Officers continue to be trained there today in its guise as Britannia Royal Naval College.

History

When the college opened in September, 1905, a term of 40 cadets was entered under the old scheme, and a final one of 30 in January, 1906.[1]

Staff

Captain Stanley and the Staff and Masters of the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth at Christmas, 1912.

The College was commanded by a Royal Navy Captain on the Active List. He had command of the ship Pomone, upon whose books all the College's naval staff were borne. An Engineer Captain had charge of the extensive College workshops. There were on average thirty officers and warrant officers on the naval staff, with another six in charge of the College's tenders.

The professorial staff was headed by a Headmaster. There were five departments; Modern Languages, History and English, Science, Navigation and Mathematics, each with a Head of Department. The remaining staff consisted of Senior Masters, Masters and Naval Instructors.

In the Navy Estimates for 1914-1915, the number of staff budgeted for was 373.[2]

Term Organisation

The Cadets were organised into six terms based on when they entered the college. Each term was named after a famous naval officer. For example, in May, 1914 the six terms were named; "Blake", "Drake", "St. Vincent", "Exmouth", "Greynvile" and "Hawke". Each term had two "Officers of Term", a Lieutenant and an Engineer Lieutenant, assisted by three to four "Cadet Captains" selected from the term's cadets. In some cases a "Chief Cadet Captain" was also selected.

First World War

One Dartmouth cadet described his going away to war:

I was 5th term, Greynvile, in July 1914 when we hurried away. Actually, another chap in my term and I were playing cricket for an "A" team at Kingswear on Saturday afternoon when one K. G. Reid, a master, head of Science and later a Lieut. R.N.V.R. in the old Tiger, advanced across the ground shouting "Mobilise!" Very shortly afterwards we went to sea and guarded the flank of troopships carrying the British Expeditionary Force to France. We in the Vengeance on the Western Patrol used to stop at sea and take our mail from a destroyer. Why we were never torpedoed I can't think! Eventually, about March 1915, the old Prince George took us to the Dardanelles.[3]

Captains

Dates of appointment given:

Footnotes

  1. Report of the Director of Naval Education, for the Year 1905. f. 6. In The National Archives. ADM 7/936.
  2. Navy Estimates for the Year 1914–1915. p. 69.
  3. Quoted in Pack. p. 193.
  4. Goodenough Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 433.
  5. Goodenough Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 433.
  6. Napier Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 440.
  7. Napier Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 440.
  8. Evan-Thomas Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 105.
  9. Evan-Thomas Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 105.
  10. Stanley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 432.
  11. Stanley Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 432.
  12. Napier Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 440.
  13. Napier Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 440.
  14. Parker Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 2.
  15. Palmer Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 416.
  16. Ruck-Keene Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 451.
  17. Ruck-Keene Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 451.
  18. The Navy List. (December, 1920). p. 1865c.
  19. Marten Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/90/85. f. 85.
  20. Marten Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/90/85. f. 85.
  21. Meade Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 177.
  22. Meade Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 177.
  23. Dunbar-Nasmith Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/48/178. f. 583.
  24. Dunbar-Nasmith Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/48/178. f. 583.
  25. The Navy List. (July, 1931). p. 219.
  26. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.
  27. Holt Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/179. f. 240.
  28. Holt Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/179. f. 240.
  29. Holt Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/179. f. 240.
  30. Holt Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/49/179. f. 240.
  31. Mackie, Colin. ROYAL NAVY SENIOR APPOINTMENTS.

Bibliography

  • Davies, E. L.; Grove, E. J. (1980). The Royal Naval College Dartmouth: Seventy-five years in Pictures. Portsmouth: Gieves & Hawkes Limited. ISBN 0-85997-462-6.
  • Pack, Captain S. W. C. (1966). Britannia at Dartmouth: The Story of H.M.S. Britannia and the Britannia Royal Naval College. London: Alvin Redman Limited.

See Also