Difference between revisions of "Frederick Charles Learmonth"

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[[Admiral (Royal Navy)|Admiral]] {{SIR}} '''Frederick Charles Learmonth''', K.B.E., C.B., Royal Navy, Retired (14 January, 1866 – 3 June, 1941) was an officer of the [[Royal Navy]].
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[[File:Learmonth, NPG x162494.jpg|thumb|right|350px|Admiral Sir Frederick C. Learmonth, as a Vice-Admiral, 1925.<br><small>© National Portrait Gallery, London.</small>]]
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[[Admiral (Royal Navy)|Admiral]] {{SIR}} '''Frederick Charles Learmonth''', {{Post-Nominals|country=GBR-cats|K.B.E.m|C.B.c}}, R.N., Retired (14 January, 1866 &ndash; 3 June, 1941) was an officer of the [[Royal Navy]].
  
 
==Life & Career==
 
==Life & Career==
Learmonth was promoted to the rank of {{LieutRN}} on 24 August, 1887.<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/25735/pages/4778 no. 25735.  p. 4778.]  2 September, 1887.</ref>
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Learmonth was promoted to the rank of {{LieutRN}} on 24 August, 1887.<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/25735/pages/4778 no. 25735.  p. 4778.]  2 September, 1887.</ref>
  
He was promoted to the rank of {{CommRN}} on 30 June, 1900.<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/27211/pages/4433 no. 27211.  p. 4433.]  17 July, 1900.</ref>
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He was promoted to the rank of {{CommRN}} on 30 June, 1900.<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/27211/pages/4433 no. 27211.  p. 4433.]  17 July, 1900.</ref>
  
Learmonth was promoted to the rank of {{CaptRN}} on 31 December, 1906.<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/27982/pages/31 no. 27982.  p. 31.]  1 January, 1907.</ref>
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==Captain==
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Learmonth was promoted to the rank of {{CaptRN}} on 31 December, 1906.<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/27982/pages/31 no. 27982.  p. 31.]  1 January, 1907.</ref>
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He was appointed to ''President'' on 20 April, 1908, for service in the Hydrographic Department.{{NLOct08|p. 358}}
  
 
==Great War==
 
==Great War==
On the occasion of the King's birthday he was appointed an Ordinary Member of the Third Class, or Companion, in the Civil Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 4 June, 1917.<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30111/supplements/5454 (Supplement) no. 30111.  p. 5454.]  4 June, 1917.</ref>
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On the occasion of the King's birthday he was appointed an Ordinary Member of the Third Class, or Companion, in the Civil Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 4 June, 1917.<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30111/supplements/5454 (Supplement) no. 30111.  p. 5454.]  4 June, 1917.</ref>
  
Learmonth was promoted to the rank of {{RearRN}} on 11 March, 1918, vice [[Robert Stewart Phipps Hornby|Phipps Hornby]].<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30599/pages/3756 no. 30599.  p. 3756.]  26 March, 1918.</ref>  His future in the Navy had been decided at a meeting of the Board of Admiralty on 15 June, when four of the five Sea Lords (Burney apparently wavering) voted that he be retired on promotion to Flag Rank under Section III of the Order-in-Council of 9 March, 1914.<ref>The National Archives.  ADM 167/52.</ref>  That he was not retired immediately is surprising.
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Learmonth was promoted to the rank of {{RearRN}} on 11 March, 1918, vice [[Robert Stewart Phipps Hornby|Phipps Hornby]].<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/30599/pages/3756 no. 30599.  p. 3756.]  26 March, 1918.</ref>  His future in the Navy had been decided at a meeting of the Board of Admiralty on 15 June, when four of the five Sea Lords (Burney apparently wavering) voted that he be retired on promotion to Flag Rank under Section III of the Order-in-Council of 9 March, 1914.<ref>The National Archives.  ADM 167/52.</ref>  That he was not retired immediately is surprising.
  
 
==Post-War==
 
==Post-War==
He was appointed a Commander of the Military Division of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (C.B.E.) on 1 January, 1919.<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31099/supplements/111 (Supplement) no. 31099.  p. 111.]  1 January, 1919.</ref>
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He was appointed a Commander of the Military Division of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (C.B.E.) on 1 January, 1919.<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/31099/supplements/111 (Supplement) no. 31099.  p. 111.]  1 January, 1919.</ref>
  
He was placed on the Retired List at his own request, "in order to facilitate the promotion of younger officers", on 8 March, 1921.<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/32265/pages/2304 no. 32265.  p. 2304.]  22 March, 1921.</ref>
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He was placed on the Retired List at his own request, "in order to facilitate the promotion of younger officers", on 8 March, 1921.<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/32265/pages/2304 no. 32265.  p. 2304.]  22 March, 1921.</ref>
  
Learmonth was advanced to the rank of {{ViceRN}} on the Retired List on 8 October, 1923.<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/32871/pages/6966 no. 32871.  p. 6966.]  16 October, 1923.</ref>  In the King's Birthday Honours of 3 June, 1925, Learmonth was promoted Knight Commander of the Military Division of the Order of the British Empire (K.B.E.).<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/33053/supplements/3772 (Supplement) no. 33053.  p. 3772.]  3 June, 1925.</ref>  He was advanced to the rank of {{AdmRN}} on the Retired List on 1 August, 1927.<ref>''London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/33300/pages/5105 no. 33300.  p. 5105.]  5 August, 1927.</ref>
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Learmonth was advanced to the rank of {{ViceRN}} on the Retired List on 8 October, 1923.<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/32871/pages/6966 no. 32871.  p. 6966.]  16 October, 1923.</ref>  In the King's Birthday Honours of 3 June, 1925, Learmonth was promoted Knight Commander of the Military Division of the Order of the British Empire (K.B.E.).<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/33053/supplements/3772 (Supplement) no. 33053.  p. 3772.]  3 June, 1925.</ref>  He was advanced to the rank of {{AdmRN}} on the Retired List on 1 August, 1927.<ref>''The London Gazette'': [http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/33300/pages/5105 no. 33300.  p. 5105.]  5 August, 1927.</ref>
 
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==Footnotes==
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{{reflist}}
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==Bibliography==
 
==Bibliography==
 
{{refbegin}}
 
{{refbegin}}
*"Admiral Sir Frederick Learmonth" (Obituaries).  ''The Times''.  Thursday, 5 June, 1941.  Issue '''48944''', col E, pg. 7.
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*"Admiral Sir Frederick Learmonth" (Obituaries).  ''The Times''.  Thursday, 5 June, 1941.  Issue '''48944''', col E, p. 7.
 
{{refend}}
 
{{refend}}
  
==Service Record==
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==Service Records==
 
{{refbegin}}
 
{{refbegin}}
*The Royal Navy.  [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/details-result.asp?Edoc_Id=7894541&queryType=1&resultcount=2 ADM 196/42.]
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*{{TNA|ADM 196/88.|D8115506}}
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*{{TNA|ADM 196/42.|D7579074}}
 
{{refend}}
 
{{refend}}
  
[[Category:1866 births|Learmonth]]
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<div name=fredbot:appts>{{TabApptsBegin}}
[[Category:1941 deaths|Learmonth]]
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{{TabNaval}}
[[Category:Personalities|Learmonth]]
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Charles William Stares Leggatt|Charles W. S. Leggatt]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Goldfinch (1889)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Goldfinch'']]'''<br>4 Feb, 1902<ref>"Naval & Military Intelligence" ''The Times'' (London). Tuesday, 28 January 1902. (36676), p. 3.</ref><ref>"Naval & Military intelligence" ''The Times'' (London). Wednesday, 5 February 1902. (36683), p. 10.</ref>{{NLOct04|p. 319}}|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Frederic Henry Walter|Frederic H. Walter]]'''}}
[[Category:H.M.S. Britannia (Training Ship) Entrants of January, 1879|Learmonth]]
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[John Franklin Parry|John F. Parry]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Egeria (1873)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Egeria'']]'''<br>16 Feb, 1906<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref> &ndash; 2 Mar, 1908<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[John Franklin Parry|John F. Parry]]'''}}
[[Category:Captains of H.M.S. Egeria (1873)|Learmonth]]
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''?'''|'''[[Hydrographic Department (Royal Navy)|Superintendent of Charts]]'''<br>24 Apr, 1908<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 346.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Henry Percy Douglas|Henry P. Douglas]]'''}}
[[Category:Superintendents of Charts (Royal Navy)|Learmonth]]  
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Frederic Henry Walter|Frederic H. Walter]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Merlin (1901)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Merlin'']]'''<br>15 Feb, 1909<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref> &ndash; early 1911<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Frederick Algernon Reyne|Frederick A. Reyne]]'''}}
[[Category:Captains of H.M.S. Endeavour (1912)|Learmonth]]
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Charles Edward Monro|Charles E. Monro]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Hearty (1886)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Hearty'']]'''<br>18 Apr, 1911<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref>{{NLAug12|p. 323}} &ndash; Apr, 1913<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Ernest Clifford Hardy|Ernest C. Hardy]]'''}}
[[Category:Directors of Fixed Defences (Royal Navy)|Learmonth]]
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[Ernest Clifford Hardy|Ernest C. Hardy]]'''|'''[[H.M.S. Endeavour (1912)|Captain of H.M.S. ''Endeavour'']]'''<br>Apr, 1913<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref> &ndash; 21 Oct, 1914<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Thomas Geoffrey Comber|Thomas G. Comber]]'''}}
[[Category:Hydrographers of the Navy (Royal Navy)|Learmonth]]
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''?'''|'''[[Director of Fixed Defences (Royal Navy)|Director of Fixed Defences]]'''<br>21 Oct, 1914<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref> &ndash; 31 Aug, 1919<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}} f. 174/346.</ref>|Succeeded by<br>'''?'''}}
[[Category:Royal Navy Admirals|Learmonth]]
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{{TabApptsRow|Preceded by<br>'''[[John Franklin Parry|Sir John F. Parry]]'''|'''[[Hydrographic Department (Royal Navy)|Hydrographer of the Navy]]'''<br>1 Sep, 1919<ref>Learmonth Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 346.</ref> &ndash; 1924|Succeeded by<br>'''[[Henry Percy Douglas|Henry P. Douglas]]'''}}
[[Category:Royal Navy Flag Officers|Learmonth]]
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{{TabEnd}}
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</div name=fredbot:appts>
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 +
==Footnotes==
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{{reflist}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Learmonth, Frederick}}
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{{CatPerson|UK|1866|1941}}
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{{CatBritannia|January, 1879}}
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{{CatAdm|UK}}

Latest revision as of 16:58, 9 April 2018

Admiral Sir Frederick C. Learmonth, as a Vice-Admiral, 1925.
© National Portrait Gallery, London.

Admiral SIR Frederick Charles Learmonth, K.B.E.C.B., R.N., Retired (14 January, 1866 – 3 June, 1941) was an officer of the Royal Navy.

Life & Career

Learmonth was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant on 24 August, 1887.[1]

He was promoted to the rank of Commander on 30 June, 1900.[2]

Captain

Learmonth was promoted to the rank of Captain on 31 December, 1906.[3]

He was appointed to President on 20 April, 1908, for service in the Hydrographic Department.[4]

Great War

On the occasion of the King's birthday he was appointed an Ordinary Member of the Third Class, or Companion, in the Civil Division of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (C.B.) on 4 June, 1917.[5]

Learmonth was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral on 11 March, 1918, vice Phipps Hornby.[6] His future in the Navy had been decided at a meeting of the Board of Admiralty on 15 June, when four of the five Sea Lords (Burney apparently wavering) voted that he be retired on promotion to Flag Rank under Section III of the Order-in-Council of 9 March, 1914.[7] That he was not retired immediately is surprising.

Post-War

He was appointed a Commander of the Military Division of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (C.B.E.) on 1 January, 1919.[8]

He was placed on the Retired List at his own request, "in order to facilitate the promotion of younger officers", on 8 March, 1921.[9]

Learmonth was advanced to the rank of Vice-Admiral on the Retired List on 8 October, 1923.[10] In the King's Birthday Honours of 3 June, 1925, Learmonth was promoted Knight Commander of the Military Division of the Order of the British Empire (K.B.E.).[11] He was advanced to the rank of Admiral on the Retired List on 1 August, 1927.[12]

Bibliography

  • "Admiral Sir Frederick Learmonth" (Obituaries). The Times. Thursday, 5 June, 1941. Issue 48944, col E, p. 7.

Service Records

Naval Appointments
Preceded by
Charles W. S. Leggatt
Captain of H.M.S. Goldfinch
4 Feb, 1902[13][14][15]
Succeeded by
Frederic H. Walter
Preceded by
John F. Parry
Captain of H.M.S. Egeria
16 Feb, 1906[16] – 2 Mar, 1908[17]
Succeeded by
John F. Parry
Preceded by
?
Superintendent of Charts
24 Apr, 1908[18]
Succeeded by
Henry P. Douglas
Preceded by
Frederic H. Walter
Captain of H.M.S. Merlin
15 Feb, 1909[19] – early 1911[20]
Succeeded by
Frederick A. Reyne
Preceded by
Charles E. Monro
Captain of H.M.S. Hearty
18 Apr, 1911[21][22] – Apr, 1913[23]
Succeeded by
Ernest C. Hardy
Preceded by
Ernest C. Hardy
Captain of H.M.S. Endeavour
Apr, 1913[24] – 21 Oct, 1914[25]
Succeeded by
Thomas G. Comber
Preceded by
?
Director of Fixed Defences
21 Oct, 1914[26] – 31 Aug, 1919[27]
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Sir John F. Parry
Hydrographer of the Navy
1 Sep, 1919[28] – 1924
Succeeded by
Henry P. Douglas

 

Footnotes

  1. The London Gazette: no. 25735. p. 4778. 2 September, 1887.
  2. The London Gazette: no. 27211. p. 4433. 17 July, 1900.
  3. The London Gazette: no. 27982. p. 31. 1 January, 1907.
  4. The Navy List. (October, 1908). p. 358.
  5. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30111. p. 5454. 4 June, 1917.
  6. The London Gazette: no. 30599. p. 3756. 26 March, 1918.
  7. The National Archives. ADM 167/52.
  8. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31099. p. 111. 1 January, 1919.
  9. The London Gazette: no. 32265. p. 2304. 22 March, 1921.
  10. The London Gazette: no. 32871. p. 6966. 16 October, 1923.
  11. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 33053. p. 3772. 3 June, 1925.
  12. The London Gazette: no. 33300. p. 5105. 5 August, 1927.
  13. "Naval & Military Intelligence" The Times (London). Tuesday, 28 January 1902. (36676), p. 3.
  14. "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Wednesday, 5 February 1902. (36683), p. 10.
  15. The Navy List. (October, 1904). p. 319.
  16. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  17. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  18. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 346.
  19. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  20. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  21. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  22. The Navy List. (August, 1912). p. 323.
  23. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  24. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  25. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  26. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  27. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 174/346.
  28. Learmonth Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 346.