Difference between revisions of "Fisher Papers at Churchill Archives Centre"

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===FISR/14===
 
===FISR/14===
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This section of 11 boxes was destroyed in March 2006 as it contained duplicate material and empty envelopes and was considered non-archival and not worthy of preservation.
  
 
===FISR/15===
 
===FISR/15===

Revision as of 14:57, 11 June 2019

A list of personal papers of Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher in the possession of Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge.

Contents

FISR/1

FISR/1/1

Official correspondence. Subjects include: manoeuvring signals. 1 file. 1871–1900.

FISR/1/2

Official correspondence. Subjects include: war preparations for the Mediterranean Fleet, its weakness in comparison with other naval powers, and the need for ships of all classes; improving the administration of Admiralty departments; the supply of admirals and hierarchy of fleets. 1 file. 1900–1901.

FISR/1/3

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the need for a general staff for the navy; the strategical distribution of the fleets; cable communication; the protection of commerce; naval education; battle and cruising formations; the submarine and the Whitehead torpedo. 1 file. 1902–1903.

FISR/1/4

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the proposed abolition of the Pacific squadron; the Japanese fleet and the unsettled state of affairs in the Far East; the importance of Alexandria [Egypt] as a naval base. 1 file. 1904–1906.

FISR/1/5

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the possibility of action against Germany; naval education; the future of Marine officers; the comparative strength of Britain and Germany. 1 file. 1906–1907.

FISR/1/6

Official correspondence. Subjects include: recent naval developments, including training, the formation of the Home Fleet, the establishment of the Naval War College at Portsmouth [Hampshire] and a navigational school, and the division of responsibility at the Admiralty; shipbuilding policy and the fleet's fighting efficiency; measures to be taken in the event of war with Germany. 1 file. 1908.

FISR/1/7

Official correspondence. Subjects include: Britain, France and Russia versus the Triple Alliance; the relative strengths of the German and British fleets; German shipbuilding and the Krupps works. 1 file. 1908-1909.

FISR/1/8

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the reorganisation of the Admiralty for war operations; the development of the submarine service; the need for more dock accommodation on the east coast. 1 file. 1909.

FISR/1/9

Official correspondence. Subjects include: estimates for additional dreadnoughts and extra men; the status and training of officers and the revision of the War College curriculum. 1 file. 1909-1910.

FISR/1/10

Official correspondence. Subjects include: submarines; home defence, relating to the view that the Committee of Imperial Defence, rather than the Imperial General Staff, should draft all important general principles. 1 file. 1910-1911.

FISR/1/11

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the Super-Active class; naval education, and the likelihood of widening the basis from which the officer class is drawn; the supplementation of the naval estimates to meet new German developments; plans for the reform of the Committee of Imperial Defence; sources and supply of oil fuel. 1 file. 1911-1912.

FISR/1/12

Official correspondence. Subjects include: tests on a gas engine and fuel oil; proposal for the Admiralty to acquire a Scottish mineral oil works or shale field to supply the navy; the production of alcohol as fuel; the Vickers Single Cylinder engine; oil storage; Anglo-Persian Oil; submarine manoeuvres. 1 file. 1912-1913.

FISR/1/13

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the advantages of a contract with Royal Dutch-Shell for oil; the use of oil fuel by the French navy; the establishment of a committee on oil fuel; oil storage; the Scottish shale oil industry; submarines. 1 file. 1913.

FISR/1/14

Official correspondence. Subjects include: fuel economy; oil fuel supplies and the oil engine; criticisms of the dreadnought type; tenders for the construction of an oil tanker hull and auxiliary machinery; the oil engine and the submarine; proposed alterations to Chatham dockyard [Kent] and the cost of moving the dockyard to Rosyth [Fife, Scotland]; the use of submarines against merchant shipping; the importance of submarine personnel, as opposed to constant minor improvements in design and equipment. 1 file. 1913-1914.

FISR/1/15

Official correspondence. Subjects include: submarines; the internal combustion engine; cuts in dockyard employment resulting from the withdrawal of two battleships. 1 file. 1914.

FISR/1/16

Official correspondence. Subjects include: criticism for Admiral Sir Arthur Wilson's scheme for an attack on Heligoland [Germany]; range finding for concentrating fire on German heavy batteries inland; a suggestion of a decoy vessel for enemy submarines; a scheme for the absorption of engineer officers as a section of the military branch. 1 file. 1914.

FISR/1/17

Official correspondence. Subjects include: operations on 16 December; using naval power to influence the military situation in Europe; new construction of submarines; possible zeppelin attacks against London; the fitting out and employment of minelayers. 1 file. 1914-1915.

FISR/1/18

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the discrepancy of status between heads of naval and military air services; minefield positions; proposals for submarine nets and the use of small airships against submarines; airship design; the Dardanelles, including an idea for fitting temporary mine fenders onto ships there; research into a controllable torpedo; proposals for strengthening the Grand Fleet. 1 file. 1915.

FISR/1/19

Official correspondence. Subjects include: cordite supply and ceasing the manufacture of extra twelve and fourteen pounder shells; the cost of the Dardanelles Campaign in ships and ammunition, and its weakening effect on the Grand Fleet; the threat from Spain joining Germany against the Allies. 1 file. 1915.

FISR/1/20

Official correspondence. Subjects include: establishment of the Board of Invention; torpedo attacks from airships; anti-submarine measures; development of a giant torpedo; the use of selenium cells and a system for directing objects at long range. 1 file. 1915.

FISR/1/21

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the possibility of a General Election, and Fisher's return to the Admiralty; the position in Salonika [Thessaloniki, Greece], Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] and his wish to leave Salonika and try the Dardanelles again, and his bad relations with David Lloyd George [Minister of Munitions]; selenium cell research; Fisher's role in increasing the size of naval guns and justification of the big gun policy. 1 file. 1915-1916.

FISR/1/22

Official correspondence. Subjects include: the state of scientific research; progress of photophone and selenium cell experiments, and the transmission of sound; a scheme for dropping bombs from balloons; the Government's undertaking to publish papers about the Dardanelles Campaign; an account of the Battle of Jutland from Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander of the Grand Fleet]. 1 file. 1916.

FISR/1/23

Official correspondence. Subjects include: photophone experiments and tests on direction-finding apparatus; the use of selenium cells for directing unmanned boats to clear mines; Fisher's evidence and Winston Churchill's evidence before the Dardanelles Commission. 1 file. 1916.

FISR/1/24

Official correspondence. Subjects include: Fisher's evidence before the Dardanelles Commission; anti-submarine devices and finding submarines through listening patrols. 1 file. 1916-1917.

FISR/1/25

Official correspondence. Subjects include: torpedo design; the use of Danube boats against submarines; offering awards for sighting enemy submarines; numbers of British submarines; a suggestion for sinking a dredger in the Kiel Canal [Germany]; the use of 550 motor launches obtained from the United States; the reorganisation and proposed dissolution of the Board of Invention and Research; scientific research for naval purposes after the war. 1 file. 1917-1919.

FISR/1/26

Letters from Fisher to Sir George Clarke, Secretary of the Committee of Imperial defence [later 1st Lord Sydenham]. 12 letters. 1903-1916.

FISR/1/27

Letters from Fisher to James Thursfield, naval correspondent of the Times. 130 folios. 1896-1920.

FISR/2

FISR/3

FISR/4

FISR/5

FISR/6

FISR/7

FISR/8

FISR/9

FISR/10

FISR/11

FISR/12

FISR/13

FISR/14

This section of 11 boxes was destroyed in March 2006 as it contained duplicate material and empty envelopes and was considered non-archival and not worthy of preservation.

FISR/15

FISR/15/1

FISR/15/1/1

See FISR/15/2/6.

FISR/15/1/2
FISR/15/1/2/1

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher. Includes letters from Fisher to Katherine, Lady Fisher ("Kitty") from Athens and Port Said. Also includes some naval correspondence, letters from Lady Fisher to her children, and letters from William Fisher (1st Lord Fisher's father) to his son, on significant events (such as Fisher joining the Royal Navy). 1 file. 1854-1882. Former reference Packet 7.

FISR/15/1/2/2

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher. Mainly written on board "Ocean". 2 files. 1863-1872. Former reference Packet 6.

FISR/15/1/2/3

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher. Written from Alexandria, Port Said, Malta, Antigua. Also includes an issue of the "London Gazette" containing despatches about the "Inflexible" and a health examination form relating to 1st Lord Fisher. 3 files. 1881-1882. Former reference Packet 13C.

FISR/15/1/2/4

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher. Written from Marienbad, Geneva, Paris and Lucerne. Also includes a letter to his mother, Sophie Fisher. 2 files. 1895. Former reference Packet 13B.

FISR/15/1/2/5

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher. Mainly written from the "Renown" on his experiences in Malta, Corfu, Lemnos, Smyrna and Gibraltar. The letters were sent to 2nd Lord Fisher by his sister, Beatrice Neeld. The file has been divided into two parts, the first of which contains envelopes. 2 files. 1899-1910.

FISR/15/1/2/6

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher. Also includes telegrams of congratulation and other letters to 1st Lord Fisher. 1 file. 1904-1912. Former reference Packet 13D.

FISR/15/1/2/7

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher. Also includes newspaper cuttings on the death of Lady Fisher. 1 file. 1904-1918. Former reference Packet 13A.

FISR/15/1/2/8

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher. Includes letters about Fisher's resignation as First Sea Lord, on the Dardanelles campaign and the Dardanelles Commission of Enquiry. 1 file. 1915-1917. Former reference Packet 15A.

FISR/15/1/3
FISR/15/1/3/1

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his son, Cecil, 2nd Lord Fisher. Also includes a letter from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher. 1 file. 1887-1904. Former reference Packet 1.

FISR/15/1/3/2

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his son, Cecil, 2nd Lord Fisher. Also includes letters to 2nd Lord Fisher's wife, Jane and some naval correspondence. 3 files. Former reference Packet 8.

FISR/15/1/3/3

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his son, Cecil, 2nd Lord Fisher. Also includes letters to 2nd Lord Fisher's wife, Jane and a letter from J L Garvin to 2nd Lord Fisher. 2 files. 1911-1920. Former reference Packet 4.

FISR/15/1/4
FISR/15/1/4/1

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his daughter, Beatrix Neeld. Also includes letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Nina, Duchess of Hamilton and Cecil, 2nd Lord Fisher and a "Diary of the revolution at Rio Janeiro, Brazil" by Commander Neeld (HMS Beagle). Subjects covered include memorials to 1st Lord Fisher. 1 file. 1867-1923. Former reference Packet 39.

FISR/15/1/4/2

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his daughter, Beatrix Neeld. Also includes letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his son, Cecil, 2nd Lord Fisher and Jane (wife of 2nd Lord) and to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher; letters and copies of letters from 1st Lord Fisher to the Prime Minister [David Lloyd George] and Lord Jellicoe on naval strength. 3 files. 1883-1920. Former reference Packet 37.

FISR/15/1/5

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his god-daughter, Lady Phyllis Hervey. 1 file. 1899-1919.

FISR/15/2

FISR/15/2/1
FISR/15/2/1/1

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. 1 file. 1900-1902.

FISR/15/2/1/2

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. 1 file. 1903-1905.

FISR/15/2/1/3

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. Subjects covered include Blackwood and 1st Lord Fisher's parentage. 1 file. 1906-1907.

FISR/15/2/1/4

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. Also includes press cuttings. 1 file. 1908.

FISR/15/2/1/5

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. Subjects covered include naval construction and the building of Dreadnoughts. Also includes a letter from Arnold White. 1 file. 1909.

FISR/15/2/1/6

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. Also includes Arnold White's notes of a talk with 1st Lord Fisher. Subjects covered include the General Election and the Navy League. 1910. 1 file.

FISR/15/2/1/7

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. Also includes letters from J J Phillips on naval issues and material relating to the strength of the Royal Navy and conversations with Winston Churchill. 1 file. 1911-1912.

FISR/15/2/1/8

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. Subjects covered include Fisher's departure from the Admiralty and naval strength. Also includes press cuttings. 1 file. 1913-1915.

FISR/15/2/1/9

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. 1 file. 1916-1919.

FISR/15/2/1/10

"Dossier de Lord Fisher." Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Arnold White. 1 file. 1920.

FISR/15/2/2
FISR/15/2/2/1

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Gerard Fiennes. Also includes a letter from Gwendolen Fiennes regarding the sale of the letters. 1 file. 1910-1932.

FISR/15/2/2/2

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Gerard Fiennes. Also includes telegrams on the death of Katherine, Lady Fisher. 1 file. 1910-1918.

FISR/15/2/2/3

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Gerard Fiennes. Subjects include: the launch of HMS Dreadnought, 1906; the development of the Home Fleet, 1908; Fisher's good opinion of Alan Burgoyne and low opinion of Carlyon Bellairs; Fisher's view that Admiral Lord Charles Beresford was influencing the press against him; the possibilities of submarines and internal combustion propulsion; the Danish navy; British naval supremacy over Germany; the German naval programme, 1910; Fisher's support for Reginald McKenna [First Lord of the Admiralty]; Fisher's decision to spend a year abroad, 1911; Fiennes's idea for free education in the Navy; the success of the Royal Navy Reserve; intrigues against McKenna; promotion to commissioned rank from the lower deck; Fisher's confidence in Winston Churchill [First Lord of the Admiralty]; the success of the British battle cruisers against the German cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau [in the Battle of the Falkland Islands], 1914; a London house which Fiennes had arranged for Fisher; the death of Frances, Lady Fisher. Also includes a letter from Admiral Charles Madden on intrigues against McKenna, 1911. 3 files. 1906-1918.

FISR/15/2/3

Letters from Sir William Thomson. The letters are addressed to 1st Lord Fisher, Katherine, Lady Fisher and their children. Also includes a silhouette of 1st Lord Fisher and correspondence relating to the papers of 1st Lord Fisher. 1 file. 1883-1979. Former reference Packet 14.

FISR/15/2/4

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Admiral John Moresby. Includes one reply from Moresby. 1 file. 1911-1920. Former reference Packet 10.

FISR/15/2/5

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Frances, Mrs Randall Morgan. Includes press cuttings and articles and copies of letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Mrs Lovett. 1 file. 1914-1928. Former reference Packet 16.

FISR/15/2/6

Letters from 1st Lord Fisher to "Mams", or "Missus" [Mrs Edmund Warden], from China and Hong Kong. Also includes background information about Mrs Warden, Shanghai and the purchase of the letters by 2nd Lord Fisher. 1 file. Former reference Packet 32.

FISR/15/3

FISR/15/3/1
FISR/15/3/1/1

Material to be used by Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon in his biography of 1st Lord Fisher and letters to 2nd Lord Fisher about a memorial to his father. Includes: papers relating to naval reform; copies of letters from 1st Lord Fisher regarding "Warrior" (1864); telegrams relating to 1st Lord Fisher's naval service; a pamphlet on imperial strategy (by Colonel G G Aston); letters from 1st Lord and 2nd Lord Fisher to Arnold White; letters to 2nd Lord Fisher about his father; material relating to Dr John Fisher (uncle of 1st Lord Fisher); and correspondence relating to the preparation of the biography. 5 files. 1883-1924. Former reference Packet 36

FISR/15/3/1/2

Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon's biography letters. Includes letters to Bacon from 1st Lord Nicholson; Thomas Crease; Reginald McKenna; J L Garvin; Maurice Hankey; and 2nd Lord Fisher and copies of Bacon's replies. Subjects include the biography, illustrations and lists of dates. 1 file. 1920-1930. Former reference Packet 38.

FISR/15/3/2
FISR/15/3/2/1

1st Lord Fisher's naval career. Includes records of his career and recollections of those who served with him. 1 file. 1854-1920. Former reference Packet 7.

FISR/15/3/2/2

HMS Inflexible. Includes letters from 1st Lord Fisher to his wife, Katherine, Lady Fisher; material relating to operations in Alexandria (including an extract from the London Gazette); and recollections of those who served with 1st Lord Fisher on Inflexible. 1 file. 1882-1921. Former reference Packet 8A.

FISR/15/3/2/3

Letters from E B P Kelso to Captain Robinson recalling 1st Lord Fisher. 1 file. 1910-1923. Former reference Packet 12.

FISR/15/3/2/4

Letters and documents sent to 2nd Lord Fisher by John Leyland. Includes letters from 1st Lord Fisher to Leyland with a covering letter from Leyland. 1 file. 1906-1921. Former reference Packet 11.

FISR/15/3/2/5

Letters to 2nd Lord Fisher about 1st Lord Fisher. Includes letters from individuals including: Algernon de Horsey and R Ussher; letters from Katherine, Lady Fisher and Nina, Duchess of Hamilton to Arnold White; and material relating to 1st Lord Fisher's honours. 1 file. 1905-1934. Former reference Packet 34.

FISR/15/3/2/6

"Letters from Old Shipmates.". Letters to 2nd Lord Fisher from individuals who served with 1st Lord Fisher on Warrior (1863), Excellent (1864-1869), Excellent and Vernon (1872-1876), Bellerophon, Donegal and Ocean (1869-1872), Pallas (1876-1877, 1879) and Hercules (1877-1878). 3 files. 1906-1926. Former reference Packet 41.

FISR/15/3/2/7

Bellerophon and Northampton. Letters to 2nd Lord Fisher from individuals who served with 1st Lord Fisher on Bellerophon and Northampton (1879-1881), Excellent, Renown and Vernon. 1 file. 1921. Former reference Packet 40.

FISR/15/3/2/8

Letters to 2nd Lord Fisher about 1st Lord Fisher. Includes letters from Mansfield Cummings, Lionel Yexley, Charles Northam, Admiral Sir Day Bosanquet and copies of letters from 1st Lord Fisher (written from Excellent) to the Vicar of St Jude's, Southsea. 1 file. 1921. Former reference Packet 35.

FISR/15/3/2/9

Correspondence regarding biographies and the publication of material. Includes correspondence with Lord Esher and Randolph Churchill; transcripts of correspondence between 1st Lord Fisher and Lord Esher; photographs of 1st Lord Fisher with Winston Churchill and of the launching of a ship; a letter from 1st Lord Fisher to Sir Henry Ponsonby (1885). 1 file. 1885-1960. Former reference Packet 15B.

FISR/15/3/3
FISR/15/3/3/1

"Old Papers from the Gun Wharf, Portsmouth, 1891.". Includes ordnance papers from Portsmouth on naval matters such as demands for gunners and supplies for various ships, indentures and notes about various admirals. 1 file. Former reference Packet 41E.

FISR/15/3/3/2

Various material. Includes correspondence regarding photographs and lithographs of the building of Dreadnoughts; a letter from 1st Lord Fisher to his daughter Beatrix [Neeld]; an injury certificate for 1st Lord Fisher; and a list of orders given to Captain Thomas Stopford at Calcutta (1854). 1 file. 1854-1937. Former reference Packet 41D.

FISR/15/3/3/3

Various material. Includes letters to 1st Lord Fisher congratulating him on his appointments; letters to Katherine, Lady Fisher about her husband's health; and letters from representatives of Queen Victoria (including Arthur Bigge, later Lord Stamfordham). 1 file. 1883-1892. Former reference Packet 31.

FISR/15/3/3/4

Various material. Includes copies of letters from: George Lambert on 1st Lord Fisher's appointment; J Armitage Robinson on naval construction; Lord Esher on the maritime league committee; 1st Lord Fisher to Chamberlain on naval war and to Ripon. Also includes a scrapbook with newspaper cuttings relating to 1st Lord Fisher (1919). 1 file. 1886-1920.

FISR/15/3/3/5

Various material. Includes letters to 1st Lord Fisher from individuals including George V and Lord Charles Beresford on official/naval issues including his speech in the House of Commons. 1 file. 1888-1923.

FISR/15/3/3/6

Memorials. Includes a photograph of Katherine, Lady Fisher's grave; press cuttings and correspondence regarding 1st Lord Fisher's exclusion from Sir Arthur Cope's portrait of First World War admirals; the order of service for 1st Lord Fisher's funeral and an obituary notice. 1 file. 1920-1922.

FISR/15/4

FISR/15/5

FISR/15/6

FISR/16

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