Difference between revisions of "Deputy Chief of Naval Staff"

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==Deputy Chiefs of the Naval Staff, 1917-1924==
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The '''Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff''' (D.C.N.S.) was a position on the [[Naval Staff (Royal Navy)|Naval Staff]] instituted in 1917 on the [[Board of Admiralty]].  It essentially replaced the position of [[Admiralty War Staff|Chief of the Admiralty War Staff]].
  
*Rear-Admiral Sir [[Henry Francis Oliver]], 31 May, 1918-10 January, 1918
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==History==
*Rear-Admiral Sir [[Sydney Fremantle]], 10 January-1 May, 1919
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Vice-Admiral (Acting) [[Henry Francis Oliver|Henry F. Oliver]], the [[Chief of the Admiralty War Staff]], was appointed Deputy Chief of Naval Staff on 31 May, 1917.<ref>Oliver Service Record.  The National Archives.  ADM 196/42.  p. 319.</ref>  The duties of the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff, shared with the First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff and the [[Assistant Chief of Naval Staff]], were defined in the Board's distribution of business of 27 June as:
*Rear-Admiral [[James Andrew Fergusson]], 1 May, 1919-4 August, 1919
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*Vice-Admiral Sir [[Osmond de Beauvoir Brock]], 4 August, 1919-1 November, 1921
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<blockquote>Operations of War: All large Questions of Naval Policy and Maritime Warfare.<br><br>Fighting and Sea-going Efficiency of the Fleet and its Organisation; Distribution and Movements of all Ships in Commission and in Reserve.<br><br>Superintendence of the Naval Staff and the Hydrographic Department.<br><br>Naval Communications.<ref>{{TNA|ADM 116/3392.}}</ref></blockquote>
*Vice-Admiral Sir [[Roger Keyes, 1st Baronet]], Bart., 1 November-15 May, 1925
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The above might be misleading, however, for on 24 June specific duties, hitherto unpublished, had been assigned to the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff by Admiral [[John Rushworth Jellicoe, First Earl Jellicoe|Sir John R. Jellicoe]], First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff.  These are given in the Duties section.
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In October 1941 the post was abolished and essentially replaced by the similar post of '''Vice Chief of the Naval Staff''' as part of a body of organizational changes also encompassing the army and air force.
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==Duties==
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{| class="collapsible wikitable collapsed" style="width: 50%"
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! 24 June, 1917.<ref>"War Staff Duties."  Jellicoe Papers.  British Library.  Add. MS. 48992.  ff. 94-95.</ref>
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|-
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| 1.  Relieve the C.N.S. of all routine matters dealt with by sections under his immediate direction.
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|-
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| 2.  Fleet Movements.
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|-
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| 3.  All operations in the North Sea, the White Sea, the Baltic, and the Dover Area, except British coastal measures for the protection of trade.
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|-
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| 4.  Offensive measures in the Mediterranean and abroad generally.
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|-
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| 5.  The protection of trade in the North Sea, except the coastal trade on the East Coast of Great Britain.  North Sea trade includes the Dutch trade, trade between Scandinavian countries and Great Britain, and Baltic trade, but not convoy from Lerwick, Southward.
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|-
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| 6.  All questions relating to foreign stations, except protection of trade against submarine and mine attack.
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|-
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| 7.  Policy of blockade and all questions relating thereto and to contraband of war.
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|-
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| 8.  Organisation, movements and protection of troop transports and other vessels against attack by surface vessels; Atlantic convoys other than troop convoys being under A.C.N.S.  [See [[Assistant Chief of Naval Staff]].]
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|-
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| NOTE.- Programmes of arrivals and departures of such vessels must be made out in co-operation with A.C.N.S., who is responsible for providing the anti-submarine escort in dangerous areas.
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|-
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| 9.  Mining.
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|}
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==Deputy Chiefs of Naval Staff==
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<div name=fredbot:office0 otitle="Deputy Chief of Naval Staff" nat="UK">
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{{Tenure|rank=Acting {{ViceRN}}|name=Henry Francis Oliver|nick=Sir Henry F. Oliver|appt=14 May, 1917{{UKNavalStaff|p. 122}}|precBy=Himself as [[Admiralty War Staff|Chief of the Admiralty War Staff]]|end=10 January, 1918<ref>Oliver Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 319.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Acting Vice-Admiral|name=Sydney Robert Fremantle|nick=Sir Sydney R. Fremantle|appt=10 January, 1918<ref>Fremantle Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 293.</ref>|end=30 April, 1919<ref>Fremantle Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/42.}}  f. 293.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank={{RearRN}}|name=James Andrew Fergusson|nick=James A. Fergusson|appt=1 May, 1919<ref>Fergusson Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.}}  f. 199.</ref>|end=23 July, 1919<ref>Fergusson Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43}} f. 199.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=Osmond de Beauvoir Brock|nick=Sir Osmond de B. Brock|appt=24 July, 1919<ref>Brock Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.}}  f. 49.</ref>|end=1 November, 1921<ref>Brock Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.|}} f. 49.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=Roger John Brownlow Keyes, First Baron Keyes|nick=Sir Roger J. B. Keyes, Bart.|appt=1 November, 1921<ref>Keyes Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.}}  f. 291.</ref>|end=15 May, 1925<ref>Keyes Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43.}}  f. 291.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank={{AdmRN}}|name=Frederick Laurence Field|nick=Sir Frederick L. Field|appt=15 May, 1925<ref>Field Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43}}.  p. 247.</ref>|end=1 May, 1928<ref>Field Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/43}}.  p. 247.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=William Wordsworth Fisher|nick=Sir William W. Fisher|appt=1 May, 1928<ref>Fisher Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44.}}  f. 231.</ref>|end=30 June, 1930<ref>Fisher Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44.}}  f. 231.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Admiral|name=Frederic Charles Dreyer|nick=Sir Frederic C. Dreyer|appt=30 June, 1930<ref>Dreyer Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/44.}}  f. 156.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=Charles James Colebrooke Little|nick=Sir Charles J. C. Little|appt=9 January, 1933<ref>Little Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/47/95.|D7603802}} f. 300.</ref><ref>"Admiralty Change" (Official Appointments and Notices).  ''The Times''.  Thursday, 30 June, 1932.  Issue '''46173''', col D, p. 16.</ref>|end=8 November, 1935<ref>Little Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/47/95.|D7603802}} f. 300.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Admiral|name=William Milbourne James|nick=Sir William M. James|appt=29 October, 1935<ref>"Flag Changes" (Official Appointments and Notices).  ''The Times''.  Monday, 12 August, 1935.  Issue '''47140''', col F, p. 10.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=Andrew Browne Cunningham, First Viscount Cunningham|nick=Sir Andrew B. Cunningham|appt=14 November, 1938<ref>"Deputy Chief of Naval Staff" (Official Appointments and Notices).  ''The Times''.  Tuesday, 27 September, 1938.  Issue '''48110''', col F, p. 17.</ref>|end=May, 1939<ref>Cunningham Service Record.  {{TNA|ADM 196/47.|}} f. 286.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Acting Vice-Admiral|name=Tom Spencer Vaughan Phillips|nick=Sir Tom S. V. Phillips|appt=1 June, 1939<ref>"The Services" (Official Appointments and Notices).  ''The Times''.  Saturday, 27 May, 1939.  Issue '''48316''', col G, p. 23.</ref>}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=Henry Ruthven Moore|nick=Sir Henry R. Moore|appt=21 October, 1941|end=7 June, 1943|as=Vice Chief of Naval Staff|note=position henceforth known as Vice Chief of the Naval Staff}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=Edward Neville Syfret|nick=Sir Edward N. Syfret|appt=8 June, 1943|end=October, 1945|as=Vice Chief of Naval Staff}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=Rhoderick Robert McGrigor|nick=Sir Rhoderick R. McGrigor|appt=October, 1945|end=October, 1947|as=Vice Chief of Naval Staff}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=John Hereward Edelsten|nick=Sir John H. Edelsten|appt=October, 1947|end=November, 1949|as=Vice Chief of Naval Staff}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=George Elvey Creasy|nick=Sir George E. Creasy|appt=November, 1949|end=October, 1951|as=Vice Chief of Naval Staff}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=Guy Grantham|nick=Sir Guy Grantham|appt=October, 1951|end=April, 1954|as=Vice Chief of Naval Staff}}
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{{Tenure|rank=Vice-Admiral|name=William Wellclose Davis|nick=Sir William W. Davis|appt=April, 1954|end=May, 1957|as=Vice Chief of Naval Staff|succBy=[[Caspar John|Sir Caspar John]]}}
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</div name=fredbot:office0>
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==Footnotes==
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{{reflist}}
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==Bibliography==
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{{refbegin}}
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*{{UKNavalStaff}}
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{{refend}}
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{{Template:Board of Admiralty}}
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[[Category:Deputy Chiefs of the Naval Staff|*]]
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[[Category:Pages with Offices]]

Latest revision as of 11:56, 13 September 2018

The Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff (D.C.N.S.) was a position on the Naval Staff instituted in 1917 on the Board of Admiralty. It essentially replaced the position of Chief of the Admiralty War Staff.

History

Vice-Admiral (Acting) Henry F. Oliver, the Chief of the Admiralty War Staff, was appointed Deputy Chief of Naval Staff on 31 May, 1917.[1] The duties of the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff, shared with the First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff and the Assistant Chief of Naval Staff, were defined in the Board's distribution of business of 27 June as:

Operations of War: All large Questions of Naval Policy and Maritime Warfare.

Fighting and Sea-going Efficiency of the Fleet and its Organisation; Distribution and Movements of all Ships in Commission and in Reserve.

Superintendence of the Naval Staff and the Hydrographic Department.

Naval Communications.[2]

The above might be misleading, however, for on 24 June specific duties, hitherto unpublished, had been assigned to the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff by Admiral Sir John R. Jellicoe, First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff. These are given in the Duties section.

In October 1941 the post was abolished and essentially replaced by the similar post of Vice Chief of the Naval Staff as part of a body of organizational changes also encompassing the army and air force.

Duties

Deputy Chiefs of Naval Staff

Footnotes

  1. Oliver Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. p. 319.
  2. The National Archives. ADM 116/3392.
  3. "War Staff Duties." Jellicoe Papers. British Library. Add. MS. 48992. ff. 94-95.
  4. The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. p. 122.
  5. Oliver Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 319.
  6. Fremantle Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 293.
  7. Fremantle Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 293.
  8. Fergusson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 199.
  9. Fergusson Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43 f. 199.
  10. Brock Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 49.
  11. Brock Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 49.
  12. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 291.
  13. Keyes Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. f. 291.
  14. Field Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. p. 247.
  15. Field Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/43. p. 247.
  16. Fisher Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 231.
  17. Fisher Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 231.
  18. Dreyer Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/44. f. 156.
  19. Little Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/95. f. 300.
  20. "Admiralty Change" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Thursday, 30 June, 1932. Issue 46173, col D, p. 16.
  21. Little Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47/95. f. 300.
  22. "Flag Changes" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 12 August, 1935. Issue 47140, col F, p. 10.
  23. "Deputy Chief of Naval Staff" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Tuesday, 27 September, 1938. Issue 48110, col F, p. 17.
  24. Cunningham Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/47. f. 286.
  25. "The Services" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Saturday, 27 May, 1939. Issue 48316, col G, p. 23.

Bibliography

  • Naval Staff, Training and Staff Duties Division (1929). The Naval Staff of the Admiralty. Its Work and Development. B.R. 1845 (late C.B. 3013). Copy at The National Archives. ADM 234/434.

Board of Admiralty
Civilian Lords
First Lord of the Admiralty
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty (1882 – 1885, 1912 – 1917)
Controller (1917 – 1918)
Naval Lords
First Naval Lord (– 1904) • First Sea Lord (1904 – 1917) • First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Second Naval Lord (– 1869, 1872 – 1904) • Second Sea Lord (1904 – 1917) • Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel (1917 –)
Third Naval Lord (– 1869) • Third Lord and Controller (1869 – 1872) • Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy (1882 – 1904) • Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy (1904 – 1912) • Third Sea Lord (1912 – 1917) • Third Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Matériel (1917 – 1918) • Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy (1918 –)
Junior Naval Lord (– 1904) • Fourth Sea Lord (1907 – 1917) • Fourth Sea Lord and Chief of Supplies and Transport (1917 –)
Fifth Sea Lord (1917) • Fifth Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Air Service (1917 – 1918)
Staff Lords
Deputy First Sea Lord (1917 – 1919)
Deputy Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (1917 –)
Secretaries
First Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (– 1869) • Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1869 – 1904) • Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1904 –)
Second Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (– 1869) • Permanent Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1869 – 1877, 1880 –)
Naval Secretary to the Board of Admiralty (1872 – 1882)