Difference between revisions of ""R" Class Destroyer (1916)"

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A total of 51 [[Destroyer|destroyers]] of the '''"R" Class''' were completed in 1916-1917 as part of the War Emergency Programme.   
+
A total of 62 [[Destroyer|destroyers]] of the '''"R" Class''' were completed in 1916-1917 as part of the War Emergency Programme.   
  
There was a mix of Admiralty design vessels (39) and a diverse set of builder's specials (12 ships).  While 62 ships were planned, feedback on the performance of the early units led to the final 11 being adapted into the [[Modified "R" Class Destroyer (1916)|Modified "R" class]].{{Conways1906|pp. 76-77, 79-80}}
+
There was a mix of Admiralty design vessels (39) and a diverse set of builder's specials (12 ships).  Feedback on the performance of the early units led to the final 11 being adapted into the '''Modified "R" Class''', which had slightly different armament, a bridge placed further aft, and an altered arrangement of boiler rooms that permitted two of the the three funnels to be trunked together.{{Conways1906|pp. 76-77, 79-80}}
  
 
==Performance==
 
==Performance==
Line 29: Line 29:
 
|30||11.5||24||720
 
|30||11.5||24||720
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
===Modified "R"===
 +
The Modified "R" delivered much the same endurance.  It's actually surprising that someone thought it worthwhile documenting them separately, given the variance between individual ships.
 +
 +
{|border=1
 +
!Knots!!Tons / hour!! Endurance<br>(hours)!!radius (nm)
 +
|-
 +
|14||1.7||170||2,380
 +
|-
 +
|16||2.0||142||2,272
 +
|-
 +
|18||2.6||110||1,980
 +
|-
 +
|20||3.6||80||1,600
 +
|-
 +
|22||4.4||64||1,408
 +
|-
 +
|24||5.8||50||1,200
 +
|-
 +
|26||7.5||38||988
 +
|-
 +
|28||9.0||30||840
 +
|-
 +
|30||11.0||26||780
 +
|}
 +
  
 
==Machinery==
 
==Machinery==
Line 38: Line 64:
 
===4-in Guns===
 
===4-in Guns===
 
Three 4-in Q.F. Mark IV guns on P. IX mountings, as in the preceding [["M" Class Destroyer (1914)#4-in Guns|"M" class destroyers]].
 
Three 4-in Q.F. Mark IV guns on P. IX mountings, as in the preceding [["M" Class Destroyer (1914)#4-in Guns|"M" class destroyers]].
 +
 +
While the 51 "R" class ships had three 4-in Q.F. Mark IV guns on P. IX mountings as in the preceding [["M" Class Destroyer (1914)#4-in Guns|"M" class destroyers]], the eleven modified "R" class ships had three 4-in Q.F. Mark V guns on C.P. II mountings capable of 30 degree elevation, increasing extreme range by 20%.{{March|p. 190.  N.B.: ''Technical History and Index'', Vol 4, Part 34.  pp. 12-13. indicates the mountings were C.P. III}}
  
 
===Other Guns===
 
===Other Guns===
Line 690: Line 718:
 
fate2=by UC.17 off Holland
 
fate2=by UC.17 off Holland
 
fatedate=15 8 18{{DittColl|p. 68}}
 
fatedate=15 8 18{{DittColl|p. 68}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{group
 +
name=Modified "R" Class
 +
}
 +
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Ulster
 +
pend=F.91 (Jan 1917)<br>F.17 (Jan 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder=[[Beardmore]]{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
order=Mar 1916 (8th Order){{Conways1906|pp. 81-2}}{{March|p. 184}}
 +
laid=
 +
launch=10 10 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=4 28{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Undine
 +
pend=G.97 (Jan 1917)<br>G.79 (Apr 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder=[[Fairfield]]{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=22 3 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fate2=sold, wrecked, sold, scrapped
 +
fatedate=4 28{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Tower
 +
pend=F.98 (Jan 1917)<br>F.24 (Jan 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder=[[Swan Hunter]]{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=5 4 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=17 5 28{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Trenchant
 +
pend=G.96 (Jan 1917)<br>G.78 (Jan 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder=[[J. S. White]]{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=23 12 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=15 11 28{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Tristam
 +
pend=F.89 (Jan 1917)<br>F.25 (Jan 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder="
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=24 2 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=9 5 21{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Tirade
 +
pend=F.81 (Jan 1917)<br>G.80 (Jan 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder=[[Scott]]{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=21 4 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=15 11 21{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Ursula
 +
pend=F.88 (Jan 1917)<br>F.84 (Jan 1918)<br>F.01 (Apr 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder="
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=2 8 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=19 11 29{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Ulysses
 +
pend=F.80 (Jan 1917)<br>G.96 (Jan 1918)<br>G.77 (Apr 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder=[[Doxford]]{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=24 3 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fate=Collision
 +
fate2=w/ S.S. ''Ellerie'' in the Clyde{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
fatedate=29 10 18{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Umpire
 +
pend=F.94(Jan 1917)<br>F.26 (Jan 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder="
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=9 6 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=7 1 30{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Urchin
 +
pend=F.95 (Jan 1917)<br>F.04 (Jan 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder=[[Palmer]]{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=7 6 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=7 1 30{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
}
 +
 +
{ship
 +
name=Ursa
 +
pend=F.10 (Jan 1918){{DittColl|p. 71}}
 +
builder="
 +
order="
 +
laid=
 +
launch=23 7 1917{{Conways1906|p. 82}}
 +
comm=
 +
fatedate=13 7 26{{DittColl|p. 71}}
 
}
 
}
  

Revision as of 09:36, 22 September 2012

A total of 62 destroyers of the "R" Class were completed in 1916-1917 as part of the War Emergency Programme.

There was a mix of Admiralty design vessels (39) and a diverse set of builder's specials (12 ships). Feedback on the performance of the early units led to the final 11 being adapted into the Modified "R" Class, which had slightly different armament, a bridge placed further aft, and an altered arrangement of boiler rooms that permitted two of the the three funnels to be trunked together.[1]

Performance

The ships' capacity for 300 tons of fuel, delivered the following endurance.[2]

Admiralty R

Knots Tons / hour Endurance
(hours)
radius (nm)
14 1.7 170 2,380
16 2.0 142 2,272
18 2.6 110 1,980
20 3.4 80 1,600
22 4.5 63 1,386
24 5.5 50 1,200
26 7.2 40 960
28 9.0 30 840
30 11.5 24 720

Modified "R"

The Modified "R" delivered much the same endurance. It's actually surprising that someone thought it worthwhile documenting them separately, given the variance between individual ships.

Knots Tons / hour Endurance
(hours)
radius (nm)
14 1.7 170 2,380
16 2.0 142 2,272
18 2.6 110 1,980
20 3.6 80 1,600
22 4.4 64 1,408
24 5.8 50 1,200
26 7.5 38 988
28 9.0 30 840
30 11.0 26 780


Machinery

Generators

In 1916, it was stated that "new destroyers" have two 26.25 kw dynamos arranged in parallel.[3] It is likely that this applied to this class.

Armament

4-in Guns

Three 4-in Q.F. Mark IV guns on P. IX mountings, as in the preceding "M" class destroyers.

While the 51 "R" class ships had three 4-in Q.F. Mark IV guns on P. IX mountings as in the preceding "M" class destroyers, the eleven modified "R" class ships had three 4-in Q.F. Mark V guns on C.P. II mountings capable of 30 degree elevation, increasing extreme range by 20%.[4]

Other Guns

By 1920, some or all had one 2-pdr pom-pom for air defence.[5]

Torpedoes

Other Weapons

Fire Control

Alterations

By November 1918, those ships operating with the Twentieth Destroyer Flotillas, Telemachus, Tarpon and {UK-Venturous}}, were fitted to carry 44 mines. The torpedo tubes and guns removed when the mines were shipped could be placed back aboard with enough notice.[6]

See Also

Footnotes

  1. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. pp. 76-77, 79-80.
  2. Battlecruiser Force Signal Orders (1 August, 1918), The National Archives. ADM 137/2135
  3. Annual Report of the Torpedo School, 1916. p. 120.
  4. March. British Destroyers. p. 190. N.B.: Technical History and Index, Vol 4, Part 34. pp. 12-13. indicates the mountings were C.P. III.
  5. Technical History and Index, Vol 4, Part 34, p. 16.
  6. Annual Report of the Torpedo School, Mining Appendix, 1917-18. p. 11. Plate 7.

Bibliography


"R" Class Destroyer
Admiralty Design
Radstock Raider Romola Rowena Restless
Rigorous Rocket Rob Roy Redgauntlet Redoubt
Recruit Sturgeon Sceptre Salmon Sylph
Sarpedon Sable Setter Sorceress Satyr
Sharpshooter Simoom Skate Starfish Stork
Skilful Springbok Tancred Tarpon Telemachus
Tempest Tetrarch Tenacious Thisbe Thruster
  Tormentor Tornado Torrent Torrid  
Thornycroft Specials
Rosalind Radiant Retriever Taurus Teazer
Yarrow Specials
Sabrina Strongbow Surprise Sybille Truculent
  Tyrant Ulleswater  
Modified "R" Class
Ulster Undine Tower Trenchant Tristram
  Tirade Ursula Ulysses  
  Umpire Urchin Ursa  
<– Talisman Class Destroyers (UK) "V" Class –>