Difference between revisions of ""K" Class Submarine (1916)"

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(Created page with "Eighteen '''"K" class''' steam-powered fleet submarines were completed for the Royal Navy. They were not a successful design. <div name=fredbot:ships> </div name=fredbot:sh...")
 
(replace "[[Beardmore" with "[[William Beardmore & Company")
 
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<div name=fredbot:ships>
 
<div name=fredbot:ships>
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed" border=2 cellpadding=2 cellspacing=0 style="margin: 0 0 1em 0.5em; background: #f9f9f9; border: 1px #aaa solid; border-collapse: collapse;" align=center;
 +
|-
 +
! colspan=6 align=left|Overview of 18 vessels
 +
|-
 +
| colspan=6 align=left|<small>Citations for this data available on individual ship pages</small>
 +
|-
 +
! align=center | Name
 +
! align=center | Builder
 +
! align=center | Laid Down
 +
! align=center | Launched
 +
! align=center | Completed
 +
! align=center | Fate
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K1}}
 +
|[[Portsmouth Royal Dockyard]]
 +
|
 +
|14 Nov, 1916
 +
|Apr, 1917
 +
|Collision 17 Nov, 1917
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K2}}
 +
|[[Portsmouth Royal Dockyard]]
 +
|
 +
|14 Oct, 1916
 +
|Feb, 1917
 +
|Sold Jul, 1926
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K3}}
 +
|[[Vickers]]
 +
|
 +
|20 May, 1916
 +
|Sep, 1916
 +
|Sold Oct, 1921
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K4}}
 +
|[[Vickers]]
 +
|
 +
|15 Jul, 1916
 +
|Jan, 1917
 +
|Collision 31 Jan, 1918
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K5}}
 +
|[[Portsmouth Royal Dockyard]]
 +
|
 +
|16 Dec, 1916
 +
|May, 1917
 +
|Lost 20 Jan, 1921
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K6}}
 +
|[[Devonport Royal Dockyard]]
 +
|
 +
|31 May, 1916
 +
|Jun, 1917
 +
|Sold Jul, 1926
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K7}}
 +
|[[Devonport Royal Dockyard]]
 +
|
 +
|31 May, 1916
 +
|Jul, 1916
 +
|Sold Sep, 1921
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K8}}
 +
|[[Vickers]]
 +
|
 +
|10 Oct, 1916
 +
|Mar, 1917
 +
|Sold Oct, 1923
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K9}}
 +
|[[Vickers]]
 +
|
 +
|8 Nov, 1916
 +
|May, 1917
 +
|Sold Jul, 1926
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K10}}
 +
|[[Vickers]]
 +
|
 +
|27 Dec, 1916
 +
|Jun, 1917
 +
|Sold Nov, 1921
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K11}}
 +
|[[Armstrong, Whitworth & Company]]
 +
|
 +
|16 Aug, 1916
 +
|Feb, 1917
 +
|Sold Nov, 1921
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K12}}
 +
|[[Armstrong, Whitworth & Company]]
 +
|
 +
|23 Feb, 1917
 +
|Aug, 1917
 +
|Sold Jul, 1926
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K13}}
 +
|[[Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company]]
 +
|
 +
|11 Nov, 1916
 +
|Oct, 1917
 +
|Sold Dec, 1926
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K14}}
 +
|[[Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company]]
 +
|
 +
|8 Feb, 1917
 +
|May, 1917
 +
|Sold Dec, 1926
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K15}}
 +
|[[Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company]]
 +
|
 +
|31 Oct, 1917
 +
|Mar, 1918
 +
|Sold Aug, 1924
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K16}}
 +
|[[William Beardmore & Company]]
 +
|
 +
|5 Nov, 1917
 +
|Mar, 1918
 +
|Sold Aug, 1924
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K17}}
 +
|[[Vickers]]
 +
|
 +
|10 Apr, 1917
 +
|Mar, 1918
 +
|Collision 31 Jan, 1918
 +
|- align=left
 +
| {{Template:UK-K26}}
 +
|[[Vickers]]
 +
|
 +
|26 Aug, 1919
 +
|Jun, 1923
 +
|Sold Mar, 1931
 +
|}
 
</div name=fredbot:ships>
 
</div name=fredbot:ships>
 +
 +
==Service History==
 +
The boats were seemingly cursed, with four of eighteen units being lost to accidents.
 +
 +
They were required to "steam at 23 knots, to dive in five minutes, to dive for six hours, and to be seaworthy on the high seas."  An oddly rosy post-war appraisal indicated that they surpassed their requirements, achieving dives in 24 minutes and 15 seconds ({{UK-K8}} managed 3 minutes, 25 seconds on one occasion).  {{UK-K12}} maintained 24.2 knots over 72 miles.  Ten hours of submerged endurance was manageable in calm weather, and two of the boats overtook the Grand Fleet in a gale in September 1918.{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 6}}
 +
 +
==Radio==
 +
By war's end, all boats of "E" class and later were given 3 kilowatt Poulsen wireless sets, affording ranges of 200 miles submarine-to-submarine, and 300-400 miles between shore stations and submarines.  Reception of shore stations of 400 miles was common, and high power shore stations could be received over 500-600 miles.{{UKTHVol3Part21|pp. 16-17}}
  
 
==Armament==
 
==Armament==
  
 
===Torpedoes===
 
===Torpedoes===
 +
Original design Boats:
 
* ten 18-in tubes (four forward, four broadside, one twin revolving mount in superstructure) eighteen torpedoes
 
* ten 18-in tubes (four forward, four broadside, one twin revolving mount in superstructure) eighteen torpedoes
 +
 +
K 26:
 +
* six 21-in tubes forward, twelve torpedoes
 +
* four 18-in broadside tubes, eight torpedoes
  
 
===Guns===
 
===Guns===
 +
Original design Boats:
 
* two 4-in Q.F. guns  
 
* two 4-in Q.F. guns  
 
* one 3-in H.A. mount
 
* one 3-in H.A. mount
 +
 +
K 26:
 +
* three 4-in Q.F. guns
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
{{refbegin}}
 
{{refbegin}}
{{WP|http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_K-class_submarine}}
+
{{WP|https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_K-class_submarine}}
 
{{refend}}
 
{{refend}}
  
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chain=Submarines
 
chain=Submarines
 +
 +
{group
 +
name=Original Design
 +
}
  
 
{ship
 
{ship
Line 49: Line 209:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=14 11 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=14 11 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Apr, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Collision
 
fate=Collision
 
fate2={{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
fate2={{Conways1906|p. 91}}
Line 63: Line 223:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=14 10 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=14 10 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Feb, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 76: Line 236:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=20 5 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=20 5 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Sep, 1916{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 89: Line 249:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=15 7 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=15 7 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Jan, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Collision
 
fate=Collision
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 102: Line 262:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=16 12 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=16 12 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=May, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Lost
 
fate=Lost
 
fate2=unknown cause{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
fate2=unknown cause{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
Line 115: Line 275:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=31 5 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=31 5 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Jun, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 128: Line 288:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=31 5 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=31 5 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Jul, 1916{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 141: Line 301:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=10 10 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=10 10 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Mar, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 154: Line 314:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=8 11 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=8 11 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=May, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 167: Line 327:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=27 12 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=27 12 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Jun, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 176: Line 336:
 
name=K 11
 
name=K 11
 
pend=K.11{{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
 
pend=K.11{{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
builder=[[Armstrong]]{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
+
builder=[[Armstrong, Whitworth & Company]]{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
order=
 
order=
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=16 8 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=16 8 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Feb, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 193: Line 353:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=23 2 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=23 2 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Aug, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 201: Line 361:
 
{ship
 
{ship
 
name=K 13
 
name=K 13
pend=K.13<br>K.26 (Mar 1917){{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
+
pend=K.13<br>K.22 (Mar 1917){{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
builder=[[Fairfield]]{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
+
builder=[[Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company]]{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
order=
 
order=
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=11 11 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=11 11 16{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Oct, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 219: Line 379:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=8 2 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=8 2 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=May, 1917{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 39}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 228: Line 388:
 
name=K 15
 
name=K 15
 
pend=K.15{{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
 
pend=K.15{{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
builder=[[Scott]]{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
+
builder=[[Scotts Shipbuilding and Engineering Company]]{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
order=Feb, 1916{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
order=Feb, 1916{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=31 10 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=31 10 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Mar, 1918{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 40}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 241: Line 401:
 
name=K 16
 
name=K 16
 
pend=K.16{{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
 
pend=K.16{{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
builder=[[Beardmore]]{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
+
builder=[[William Beardmore & Company]]{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
order="
 
order="
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=5 11 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=5 11 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Mar, 1918{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 40}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 259: Line 419:
 
laid=
 
laid=
 
launch=10 4 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
 
launch=10 4 17{{Conways1906|p. 91}}
comm=
+
comm=Mar, 1918{{UKTHVol3Part21|p. 40}}
 
fate=Collision
 
fate=Collision
 
fate2=
 
fate2=
Line 267: Line 427:
  
 
{group
 
{group
name=Improved "K" Class
+
name=Improved Design
 
}
 
}
  
Line 274: Line 434:
 
pend=K.26{{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
 
pend=K.26{{DittColl|pp. 82, 89}}
 
builder=[[Vickers]]{{Conways1906|p. 92}}
 
builder=[[Vickers]]{{Conways1906|p. 92}}
order=Aug, 1915{{Conways1906|p. 92}}
+
order=Early 1918{{Conways1906|p. 92}}
 
laid=
 
laid=
launch=26 8 19{Conways1906|p. 92}}
+
launch=26 8 19{{Conways1906|p. 92}}
comm=
+
comm=June, 1923{{Conways1906|p. 92}}
 
fate=Sold
 
fate=Sold
 
fate2=
 
fate2=

Latest revision as of 12:02, 7 April 2018

Eighteen "K" class steam-powered fleet submarines were completed for the Royal Navy.

They were not a successful design.

Service History

The boats were seemingly cursed, with four of eighteen units being lost to accidents.

They were required to "steam at 23 knots, to dive in five minutes, to dive for six hours, and to be seaworthy on the high seas." An oddly rosy post-war appraisal indicated that they surpassed their requirements, achieving dives in 24 minutes and 15 seconds (K 8 managed 3 minutes, 25 seconds on one occasion). K 12 maintained 24.2 knots over 72 miles. Ten hours of submerged endurance was manageable in calm weather, and two of the boats overtook the Grand Fleet in a gale in September 1918.[1]

Radio

By war's end, all boats of "E" class and later were given 3 kilowatt Poulsen wireless sets, affording ranges of 200 miles submarine-to-submarine, and 300-400 miles between shore stations and submarines. Reception of shore stations of 400 miles was common, and high power shore stations could be received over 500-600 miles.[2]

Armament

Torpedoes

Original design Boats:

  • ten 18-in tubes (four forward, four broadside, one twin revolving mount in superstructure) eighteen torpedoes

K 26:

  • six 21-in tubes forward, twelve torpedoes
  • four 18-in broadside tubes, eight torpedoes

Guns

Original design Boats:

  • two 4-in Q.F. guns
  • one 3-in H.A. mount

K 26:

  • three 4-in Q.F. guns

See Also

Footnotes

  1. The Technical History and Index, Vol. 3, Part 21. p. 6.
  2. The Technical History and Index, Vol. 3, Part 21. pp. 16-17.

Bibliography


"K" Class Submarine
Original Design
K 1 K 2 K 3 K 4 K 5
K 6 K 7 K 8 K 9 K 10
K 11 K 12 K 13 K 14 K 15
  K 16 K 17  
Improved Design
  K 26  
<– "J" Class Submarines (UK) "L" Class –>